This information is provided by the
Researchers Special Interest Group of The Naturist Society.
discover all of the other wonderful topics available by entering this
site through the front door.
The Professors & Researchers SIG has been compiling
since 2002. A bit of overlap on these lists is to be
Annotated Bibliography of Books
in Tallahassee, Florida
five libraries: two universities, a community college, the
library, and the state library. Prudishness reigns at the
community college, but the other four libraries make some effort to
cover nudist-related topics.
I first compiled
this list in 1991, at the time of our club's fifth
then notified all libraries of a weakness in family-oriented
works. Some libraries worked to fill that gap. So
tenth anniversary, we published the list below.
So far as I know,
no other club has taken up the project of finding out what books are
available for their members. For SIG members in other cities,
this annotated list may give you an idea of what is commonly
available--perhaps in a library near you.
This list does not
cover "How to" books on drawing, painting, or photographing the
nude. Nor does it cover the works of individual artists or
photographers. Unless they have already been collected,
and magazine articles are not included here.
L -- Leon County Public Library
S -- State Library of Florida
U -- Florida State University
A -- Florida A & M University
C -- Tallahassee Community College
B -- Tallahassee Bare-Devils [now Tallahassee Naturally]
P -- Private collection
The Naturist Movement
As Nature Intended by Adam Clapham and Robin
Constable. A heavily
illustrated history, showing the athleticism of the early
The informative text contains much European materiel unavailable
Among the Nudists by Frances and Mason Merrill.
In 1930, the
authors toured the nudist parks of Germany and France, bringing the
first report back to this country. American social nudism
sprang from this book. U.
The Nudists by Donald Johnson (pen name of John
and description of the U.S. nudist movement up to 1959. He
the most tumultuous part (a split-up in the early 50s) into an appendix
in the back. P:Steve.
Nudist Magazines of the 50s and 60s, v. 1-2.
and pictures (some seen now for the first time without airbrushing)
from the "golden age" of American nudist magazines when many
North American Guide to Nude Recreation. All
AANR resorts and
non-landed groups are described. Recent editions have
pictures of each group (though they left ours out). Maps and
lists of facilities are at the back. Expect a smaller,
less-pictorial edition in 1997. SP:Many.
World Guide to Nude Beaches and Recreation by Lee
Naturist Society's listing of free, illegal, commonly-used
skinny-dipping spots worldwide. Great variety of photos,
with travel directions. B(old) P:Many.
Naturisme (formerly International
Naturist Guide). Maps to major
resorts worldwide, with symbol-coded lists of facilities. The
U.S. section includes some non-AANR resorts. The latest
includes worldwide publications, libraries and travel
Otherwise, only useful when visiting Europe, Australia and New
Zealand. Old version -- P:Steve.
Nudism in Australia by Magnus Clarke. Very
detailed history -- maybe more than you wanted to know. B.
Nudist East Asia Travel by Tahanga Research Association. Rare
travel information, amateurishly presented. P:Paul.
Body Liberation by Emily Coleman and Betty
Edwards. A manual for
beginners, with chapters on how to persuade your partner, and how to
involve your children. This is something you can hand to your
favorite prude. A.
Alternative Lifestyles by Jefferson P. Selph. A
only, 1/3 of the book describes U.S. nudist libraries. (The
biggest have since merged at Cypress Cove, near Kissimmee.) U.
Nacktheit und Scham by Hans Peter Duerr. The
text studies nudity in many cultures and ages -- especially medieval
Europe. The author thinks that body shame is
Anatomy of Nakedness by Paul Ableman. A short
analysis of attitudes about the many forms of nudity through the
ages. Effective use of photographs to clinch the
The Unfashionable Human Body by Bernard
Rudofsky. A witty look at
the absurd things we have done in the name of proper dress.
graphics and illustrations. SUA.
Nude Attitude by Rob Boyte. Thoughtful essays
that have appeared
in national naturist magazines. A pre-publication
Nudist Society by Hartmann, Fithian and Johnson.
of the only report on sociological studies of nudists -- most of them
done in the 1960s. A wealth of statistics and analysis. LU.
Social Nudism in America by Fred Ilfeld, Jr. and Roger
fact-filled analysis of nudist establishements and their members in the
early 1960s. U.
The Nude Beach by Jack D. Douglas, et al. A
sociological study of
how people act at a California nude beach (not much different from
people anywhere else). The authors spend a disproportionate
amount of time looking for sexual attitudes. U.
Skinny-Dipping and Other Immersions in Water, Myth, and Being Human
Janet Lembke. Only the introduction and first essay (and
mention in the final essay) have anything to do with
skinny-dipping--but they are ecstatic. This grandmother can
combine love of nature, ancient history, and a fine writing
The New Female Sexuality by Manfred P.
DeMartino. An exhaustive
survey of sexual attitudes of female nudists. Informative,
rather dry reading. The bibliography lists several journal
articles on nudity. U.
Therapy, Nudity & Joy by Aileen Goodson.
A thorough report on the healthy benefits of nude therapy.
The Ancient Tradition
Classical Attitudes to Modern Issues by L.P.
devotes a quarter of the book to summarizing what is known about
ancient Greek nudity, and drawing a few parallels. U.
Sexual Life in Ancient Greece by Hans Licht (pen name of
Brandt). The disappointing chapter on nudity at least gives
clear references to the ancient sources where the serious reader can
look things up for himself. SU.
Ideale Nacktheit in der Griechischen Kunst by Nikolaus
Himmelmann. A scholarly analysis (in German) of the heroic
nude in Greek art. Some illustrations. U.
There are many books on Greek athletics, but only three worth reading:
Athletics of the Ancient World by E. Norman
original ground-breaking study, with rules for each of the
events. His theory that the Greeks briefly reverted to
has since been disproven. UA.
Greek Athletes and Athletics by H.A. Harris.
Same stuff, with the minor addition of field trials. U.
The Eternal Olympics edited by Nicolaos
Yalouris. A coffee-table
version with gorgeous illustrations -- largely from the vase
paintings. The many contributors add new
depth to our understanding of athletics' place in Greek
The Gymnosophist Legacy in India 326 B.C.-1604 A.D.
LeValley. Scholarly dissertation on religious nudity in
the Greek tradition of the nude in athletics and sculpture, and what
happened when these two cultures met. Brilliant, of
Jaina Art and Architecture edited by A. Gosh.
scholarly study of nude religious art in India. Unlike the
sculptures on Hindu temples, Jain statuary is stiffly
Naked Yoga by Malcolm Leigh. Mostly photos of
pretty girls in
ancient yoga positions. Not very informative.
The Christian Nudist
Nakedness and the Bible by Paul Bowman. Book
naturist interpretation of old and new testament verses--including many
favorites of the anti-nudity Bible-thumpers. P:Paul.
(Also a smaller early version: B.)
Map is Not Territory by Johnathan Z. Smith.
essays. Only the first one is a scholarly analysis of a call
Christian nudity in the Gnostic Gospel of Thomas. U.
Carnal Knowing by Margaret Miles. After an
informative chapter on
the ancient tradition of nude Christian baptism, she turns to the many
contradictory reactions of church leaders to the female body from the
late Roman through Medieval times. With heavy documentation,
argues that Christianity has strayed from its original message of body
The Adamites of Bohemia by Enrico S. Molnar. A
thesis tracing nude Christiam sects in late Roma times, and at the
beginning of the Renaissance. He points out that Christian
leaders distinguished four different types of nudity--three of them
Hieronymus Bosch by Wilhelm Fraenger. The first
published as a separate book) revolutionized thinking about Bosch's
painting, The Garden of Earthly Delights. Fraenger
that it was an alterpeice for a nude Christian sect at the beginning of
the Renaissance. UP:Paul.
The Doukhobors by George Woodcock and Ivan
Tempestuous history of a Russian religious community in Canada who
engaged in nude ptotest marches during the first half of this
century. A few historic photographs. SUA.
Terror in the Name of God by Simma Holt. An
attack on the Doukhobors. Beginning with, "the victims of
Mafia-like organization have forever been the children", the author
shows photos of a nude classroom to document depravity. SA.
The Naked Child
Growing Up Without Shame by Dennis Smith and Bill
Interviews with adults who had been raised in nudist homes. U.
Summerhill: A Radical Approach to Child-Rearing by A.S.
creator of a very free and open school in England devotes one
disappointingly brief chapter to the issue of nudity. A.
As Sparks Fly Upward by Kenneth Webb.
of a string of Quaker youth camps in Vermont where nudity is accepted
as a part of natural living. It focuses mostly on the boys
camp. Good reading. UP: Paul.
Collected magazine articles on nude youth camps and scout
Canada Naturally by Richard West. Gorgeous
photos of family
naturism at Quebec and Ontario clubs, with lots of children
Lewis Carroll's Photographs of Nude Children by Morton
Short scholarly booklet on the author of Alice in Wonderland -- mostly
biography with a few photographs.
Art of Natural Living by John Wagner. Cutesy
paintings of children and families at the nude beach. P:Paul.
The Seven Lady Godivas by Dr. Seuss. A hilarious
story of seven
naked sisters, for adults and children alike. LSUP:Paul.
Ishi, the Last of His Tribe by Theodora Kroeber.
Story of the
early life of the last naked California Indian. [Adult
listed in the next section.] This book scarcely mentions the
nudity 64 pages in, and comes with false semi-clothed
It's still a good story. SUAP:Paul.
The Gentle Tasaday by John Nance. A visit to the
discovered Philippine tribe. Though technically not naked in
their G-strings, the children are especially heartwarming--joyful,
affectionate and natural. Lots of photos. LSC.
The Naked Nagas by Christoph von
Anthropological report on tribes of northeast India, some of whom wear
only a very tight belt. U.
Collected magazine articles on religious and tribal nudity in
India. P: Paul.
The People of Kau by Leni Riefenstahl. Stunning
young adults in Sudan, where the out-of-shape are punished by having to
wear clothes. No text. An unrepentant Nazi, she
overlong on one violent ritual. S.
Among Wild Tribes of the Amazon by Charles W.
Adventuresome report of a condescending explorer around 1920.
photos are all lineups, with male genitalia blackened out. U.
People of the Rain Forests by George Seitz.
Amazon exploration by
a camera-toting couple with a priest for a guide. Contains
natural photos of family life. U.
The New World by Stefan Lorant. Includes
LeMoyne's engravings which
document skinny-dipping Native Americans in north Florida 425 years
Ishi in Two Worlds by Theodora Kroeber. Final
years of the last
naked Native American in California. Some photos.
Unadorned Fiction and Theater
A Cool Cottontail by John Ball. Murder mystery
set in a
California nudist resort. Unfortunately, the early treatment
black hero uses terminology that has become dated. LSP:Steve.
Barely Proper by Tom Cushing. Humorous play
about a stuffy young
Englishman who goes to meet his future German in-laws--only to discover
that they practice nudity about the house. Some of the puns
in my mind nearly 30 years before I re-read it. P:Paul.
Le Nu au Theatre by G.J. Witowski and L. Nass.
The French text
and many small drawings demonstrate the long history of baring the
female breast (and occasionally more) on stage before the twentieth
The Nude in Art
The Nude: A Study in Ideal Form by Kenneth
Clark. This is
THE study of the nude in art. He begins with a dumb premise
everyone feels terrible about being naked, but that true art lifts us
above that sordidness. The rest is thoughtful history
types or moods. UP:Paul.
The Nude Male by Margaret Walters. A useful
supplement to Clark,
tracing the history of the male form from a woman's
The chapter on modern women artists is especially good.
Image of the Body by Michael Gill. Another
worthy supplement to
Clark. Though the quality is uneven, he offers lots of
insights throughout art history. He works from personal
acquaintance with many of the modern artists. UP:Paul.
Der nackte Mensch in der Kunst aller Zeiten und Volker by
Hausenstein. The German text treats art as a reflection of
healthy social attitudes about nudity. The small
include such rarities as early Islamic nudes. U.
"Art Follow Nature", by Paul LeValley. Series of art history
articles in Naturally
The Great American Nude
by William Gerdts. A thoroughly
illustrated history of American paintings and sculptures by a top-notch
art historian. A.
The Body by Edward Lucie-Smith. A coffee-table
book with lush
color plates of forgotten masterpieces. The featherweight
gives little indication that this is by a major art critic.
The Human Figure by Charles Wentinck. He argues
that the only
thing that has changed over the ages is our self-concept.
color reproductions of artworks (some clothed), which are not at all
co-ordinated with the text. UC
The Young Male Figure by Brandt Aymar. This is a
pinups for homosexuals. Despite the poorly-researched text,
sensitive artworks are worth a look. U.
Nude Sculpture: 5,000 Years by Vicki Goldberg.
black-and-white photos--many of them close-ups without showing the
whole work. A.
The Figure in American Sculpture by Ilene Susan
Fort. This book
presents many fine but little-known twentieth-century works.
Veruschka: Trans-figurations by Vera Lehndorff
Trulzsch. Amazing body paintings as clothing or
The Nude: A New Perspective by Gill Saunders. If
you like shrill
feminism about the historic relationship between the artist and his
model, this is your book. A.
The Nude by Monica Bohm-Duchen. Lots of pretty
pictures with a
short feminist text. The author confuses nudity with sex
Masterpieces of Figure Painting by I.E. Relouge.
plates of female nudes all through the ages. Good selection,
short on explanatory text. U.
The Female Body in Western Culture edited by Susan Rubin
Suleiman. Essays by various authors. Only three of
deal with the nude in art. Heavy on aesthetic
The Bride Stripped Bare by Janet Hobhouse.
biographies of 13 twentieth-century artists who frequently did female
nudes. Fairly heavy reading. UA.
The Body Imaged by Kathleen Adler and Marcia
Pointon. Essays by
various authors on the sociology of selected paintings. Only
three of them deal squarely with the nude --in each case the male
The Human Figure in Motion by Eadweard
Muybridge. The pioneering
sequences showing men (many in jockstraps), women, and small children
performing everyday tasks. A shorter selection, The Male and
Female Figure in Motion, adds teenage boys playing. No text
The Naked and the Nude by Jorge Lewinski. A
history of classic nude photos--almost all female. U.
The Homoerotic Photograph by Allen Ellenzweig.
The title is
misleading. This is a solid history of classic male nude
with little overt sexuality. U.
The Naked Eye. A historical survey of
artificially posed nude and
semi-nude photos. Not the best available. A.
Nude Photographs 1850-1980 by Constance
Sullivan. Mixing the
naughty with the nice, this is not really a naturist book. U.
While I was at the
American Nudist Research Library, librarian John Frakes mentioned that
people sometimes come in asking for information on the Greek athletic
tradition. He said he often directed them to Tallahassee
Naturally's annual College Greek Athletic Meet, but wondered if I could
put together a quick bibliography of other things the library already
has on its shelves. Well, I had a list of my own articles on
topic (some of them merely repackaging the same ideas for different
readerships). And I was at the library partly in search of
missing articles for the Tallahassee Naturally scrapbook. So
pulled together the following:
= non-naturist publications
Part 1--Articles by Paul LeValley on ancient practices:
"Book Review: The Naked
Olympics by Tony Perrottet." Travel
Naturally, no. 56 (Fall 2005). p. 60.
Norman Gardner. Athletics of the Ancient World.
for the History of Greek Athletics in English Translation.
Finley and Pleket, The Olympic Games: The First
Nicolaos Yalouris et.
Eternal Olympics: The Art and History of Sport.
* "Athletics and Ascetics: Different Yet Similar Traditions."
[international journal of Jain scholarship] vol. 1,
no. 5 (May 1986). pp. 10-11.
"Athletics and Ascetics: Parallel Nude Traditions of Greece and
India" Art Follows Nature series. Travel Naturally,
(Summer 2004), pp. 42-45. Expanded in Paul
LeValley. Art Follows Nature:
A Worldwide History of the Nude. Berkeley: Edition One
* "Common Ground: Greek Athletics among Indian Ascetics."
Studies, no. 10--2000 (2006). pp. 33-60.
"Greek Athletics and the Arts." Art Follows Nature
no. 20 (Summer, 1996). pp. 11-14.
Expanded in Paul LeValley. Art Follows Nature: A Worldwide History of
the Nude. Berkeley: Edition One Books, 2016.
"Greek Athletics and the Arts." Slide lecture scheduled for
the Mid-Winter Naturist Festival, Feb. 11, 2006.
"Jain Heirs: Or, The Real Gymnosophists, Their Thoughts, Their
with the Sun, vol. 6, no. 4 (Winter
1986-87). pp. 71-74.
"The Real Olympics: Education for Godlike Display." Art
Nature series. Naturally,
no. 6 (Summer, 1992). pp. 11-13.
Expanded in Paul LeValley. Art Follows Nature: A Worldwide History of
the Nude. Berkeley: Edition One Books, 2016.
Part 2--Articles on Tallahassee
College Greek Athletic Meet (excluding routine announcements).
* "Greek Athletics." Catalog of Courses. Center for
Participant Education [CPE], Tallahassee, FL. Summer 1989.
* Daniel Oberle. "Like Naked People?
Olympics This Weekend."
The Florida Flambeau, April 12,
1996. p. 5.
* Angela Garcia. "Nudist Colony to Host Authentic
Independent Florida Alligator. April 12,
* Matt Rogers. "Matt Gets 'Nekked' with Tallahassee Bare
TCC Talon. April 26, 1996.
"Tallahassee Bare-Devils Hosts Nude Olympics." The Bulletin, June
1996. p. 20.
Paul LeValley. "1,603 Years Later: Restoring the
Summer, 1996. p. 14.
* Brian Lott. "So, You Wanna Get Naked?" FSView.
July 10, 1996. p. 18.
"A Naturist Olympics." Nude
& Natural 16.1 (Aug. 1996). p. 6.
"Athletes Shine in Greek Games." The Bulletin, May,
* Mary Allison Chitty. "Bare-a-thon: Tally Bare-Devils Plan
Nude Games." FSView.
April 13, 1998. p. 12.
"Florida Club Sponsors Nude College Greek Athletic Meet. The Bulletin, June
1998, p. 21.
* Chelcie Mickles. "Students Baring It All." Tropolitan
[Troy State University], vol. 71, no. 18 (March 11, 1999. p.
* Daniel Carson. "Athletes Show Naked Ambition." The Famuan.
March 22, 2001. p. 12.
* John Crawford. "Calling All Exhibitionists." The TCC Talon.
April 4, 2001. p. 1.
* Michael Grabell. "Classical Studies 101: The Nude Athletic
Princetonian. April 6, 2001.
Brief summary reprinted in the Calvin College Chimes. April
* Meghan Eisnaugle.
"Nude Greek Spring Break: Birthday
Suit Required for Entrance and Entertainment." The Lantern [Ohio
University]. March 15, 2002.
* Joshua Lough. “Dare
to be a Tallahassee BareDevil.” FSView & Florida Flambeau.
April 4, 2002
* Arianne Robinson. "Watch Where You Point That
Independent [University of Toronto]. March
* Zachary Spain. "Dare to Go Bare in Monticello: Ancient
Pentathlon Contested in the Buff on Sunday." FSView & Florida
Flambeau. March 20,
* "Games Get Back to Basics: Tallahassee Naturally." Spectator
[Valdosta State University] vol. 73, no. 25 (April 1, 2004).
Paul LeValley. "Attracting Students--Six
& Natural 23.3 (Spring 2004). p. 91.
"9th Annual College Greek Athletic Meet." Travel Naturally,
No. 50 (Spring 2004). p. 60.
Steve White. "The Tenth Annual Nude College Greek Athletic
Bulletin. Feb. 2005.
"Ten Years of Nude College Greek Athletics." The Bulletin.
* David Rosenblum. "Spring Break Event Offers Nude
[University of North Florida], vol. 28, no. 26
(March 9, 2005).
* Matt Somers. "Sports in Brief: Nude Greek
[University of Toronto]. March 22, 2005.
"Victory Wreath Goes to Five-Time Winner." The Bulletin.
* Shannon Barney. "No Shirt, No Pants, No
FSView & Florida
Flambeau. Jan. 26, 2006. p. 4
7. Also distributed by University Wire Service as
Club Gives New Meaning to the Words, “Full Moon.”
Paul LeValley. "Tallahassee Naturally Comes of
& Natural 27.1 (Sept. 2007). pp.
75-79. [Includes color
pictures from the first year.]
* Autumn Bullard. “Stripping for Gold:
Hosts Naked Olympics.” FSView,
2008. pp. 1,
“Students Wanted for College Greek Athletic Meet.” The Bulletin, Mar. 2009. p.
“14th Annual Nude College Greek Athletic Meet.” Naturally, no. 70 (Spring
2009). p. 50.
Carl Mario Nudi. “The Tallahassee Naturally Greek Athletic
Meet.” Tampa Area
Naturists, vol. 10, no. 3 (Mar. 2000). pp. 1, 3.
Hunter Sizemore. “Tallahassee Nudist Club to Hold Annual
Nude Olympics.” The
Independent Florida Alligator, Mar. 26, 2009.
Hunter Sizemore. “Eight College Students Compete in Nude
Independent Florida Alligator, Mar. 30, 2009.
John Weldner. “A Nude Direction--Ospreys Embrace Ancient
Tradition. The Spinnaker
[University of North Florida], April 1, 2009. [April Fools Day
Paul LeValley. “Naturally FSU Recognized by
College.” The Bulletin,
March 2010. p. 1 & 12.
“Florida State University Has Recognized Naturally FSU as an
Official Student Nudist Organization.” Naturally, Spring 2010. p. 56.
Paul LeValley. Letter to the Editor. Nude & Natural 29.3 (Spring
2010). pp. 7-8. [Naturally FSU and Greek Athletics]
“Enjoy Being Nude?”
The TCC Talon, vol. 60, issue 4 (March 24, 2010. p. 7.
Matt Benson. “Local Nudist Organization Holds Its Fifteenth
Annual Nude College Greek Athletic Meet.” The TCC Talon, vol. 60, issue 5
(April 7, 2010). p. 8.
Carl Mario Nudi. "The Tallahassee Naturally Greek Athletic
Meet." Nude & Natural
30.3 (Spring 2011). pp. 75-77.
Chet Kresiak. "A Brief History of Nudity in the Olympics."
The Bulletin, July 2012. pp. 1, 6. [front-page pictures]
"The Nude Athletic Tradition Continues." The Bulletin, July
2012. p. 6.
Lindsay Marshall. "Naturally FSU Presents Film Reenactment of
Greek Pentathlon." FSView
& Florida Flambeau (online version only), Sept. 17, 2012.
Paul LeValley, ed. College Greek Athletic Meet [Movie].
Helena Sadvary. "18th Annual Greek Athletic Meet." Nude & Natural 32.4 (Summer
2013). pp. 43-44.
Paul LeValley. "College Greek Athletic Meet Turns 20." The Bulletin, March 2015. p.
Paul LeValley. "Hold Onto Our Teens, and Bring On the
Students." The Bulletin,
July 2015. p. 27. [Reprinted the 2010 Greek Athletic
on Nudity in India
OVERVIEW OF NUDE RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Paul LeValley. "Some Observations on the
Sramana Religious Spectrum." Sophia,
no. 2 (Oct.-Nov.
2000), pp. 143-158.
Thomas T. Hargrove. “The Rain Nudists.”
Sun Era 1.5 (May 1963). pp. 10-13. Reprinted in Nudist Magazine Digest, 1.1 (March
1965). pp. 86-90. Reprinted again as “Fertility Rites
on the Indus.” Au Naturel
1.2 (Aug.-Oct. 1972). pp. 30-33.
Paul LeValley. "Athletics and Ascetics:
Different Yet Similar Traditions." Gommatavani
[international journal of Jain scholarship] vol. 1, no. 5 (May
1986). pp. 10-11.
Paul LeValley. "Athletics and Ascetics:
Parallel Nude Traditions of Greece and India." Travel Naturally,
no. 51 (Summer 2004), pp. 42-45.
Paul LeValley. "Common Ground: Greek Athletics
among Indian Ascetics." Yavanika:
Indo-Hellenic Studies, no.
10--2000 (2006). pp. 33-60.
Paul LeValley. "Greek Influence on Indian
Sculptures as Early as Alexander's Campaign." Yavanika,
Indo-Hellenic Studies, No. 6--1996 (2000). pp.
Paul LeValley. "Jain Heirs or, The Real
Gymnosophists, Their Thoughts, Their Legacy." Clothed with the
Sun, 6.4 (Winter 1986-87). pp. 71-74.
Mark Taylor. "How Alexander the Great Was Bested by Naturists." The Bulletin, Sept. 2016.
Paul LeValley. The
Gymnosophist Legacy in
India 326 B.C.-1604 A.D. diss. Florida State
Paul LeValley. "The Gymnosophists." Naturally, 17 (Fall
1995). pp. 10-13.
Paul LeValley. "Gymnosophy in Europe and the
Middle East." Travel
Naturally, no. 53 (Winter 2004-05). pp.
Paul LeValley. "Gymnosophy, Past, Present, and
New Horizons in History, Classics and
Inter-cultural Studies. ed. Atul Kumar Sinha and
Singh. New Delhi: Anamika Publishers & Distributers,
2007. pp. 110-114.
Paul LeValley. "What Did the Gymnosophists
Journal of the Indian Society for Greek and
Roman Studies, 2 (1992). pp. 61-84.
ANCIENT AJIVIKAS AND BUDDHISTS
A. L. Basham. History
and Doctrines of the Ajivikas. Delhi: Motilal
Henry Latour [Enrico S. Molnar]. "The Ajivikas of India." Paradise, 10
(1965). pp. 36-37.
Paul LeValley. "Ajivikas and Buddhists." Naturally, 24 (Fall
1997). pp. 15-18.
Paul LeValley. "Physical and Spiritual
Love." Naturally, 28
(Sept. 1998), pp. 12-16.
Luise Putcamp Jr. “Tantric: Hymn from the Top of the
World.” Classic Line
& Form 2.3 (Apr.-June 1968). pp. 10-15.
Mark Storey. “Buddhist Body Acceptance?” Nude & Natural 28.4
(2009). pp. 61-65.
Mark Storey. "No shame: A Tibetan Saint's
Naturist Ethos." Nude
& Natural 23.3 (Feb. 2004). pp.
Lyle Chambers. "Nudism as a Religion." Sun Era: The Nude Age,
2.8 (Winter 1965). pp. 22-25.
Henry deHoratev [Enrico S. Molnar]. "The Sky-Clad
Nudists of India." Nude
Living, 3 (October 1961). pp. 28-30. Reprinted
without pictures in Nudist Magazine
Digest, 1.3 (Summer 1965). p. 17.
A. Gosh, ed. Jaina
Art and Architecture, 3 vols. New Delhi: Bharatiya
Paul LeValley. "The Jains: Keeping Your Mind
Clear By Keeping Your Body Free." Naturally, no. 36
2000). pp. 12-15.
Paul LeValley. "New Evidence of Mauryan
Presence at Shravana Belgola." Gommatavani,
2, no. 7 (Sept.
1987). pp. 5-6.
Paul LeValley. "Sañjaya, Co-founder of
Jain Philosophy?" Gommatavani,
vol. 3, no. 8 (Oct.-Nov.
1988). pp. 2-3. [Lead article].
Paul LeValley. "Sravana Belgola." The
Dictionary of Art, 34 vols. ed. Jane Shoaf
London: Macmillan Publishers, 1996. vol. 29, pp. 438-439.
Michael Wuthering. "India--The 'Sky-Clad'
and Health, International Edition, 15.7 (1951).
pp. 9-10, 19 .
Robert Baty. “Eros in Stone.” Film & Figure 15 (Apr.-June
1969). pp. 64-67.
Irma Bishop. “The Resurrected Dance of Life.” Classic Line & Form 1.4 (Summer
1967). pp. 24-33.
Cec Cinder. "Chandragutti-Karnataka-India." Bare in Mind, May
1991. pp. 15-16.
Henry deHoratev [Enrico S. Molnar]. "Krishna--the
Nude God of Hinduism." Nude
Living, 6 (April 1962). p. 18. Reprinted in Nudist Magazine Digest, 1.1 (March
1965). pp. 18-19.
Indira Devi. "Idol Worship." Sun and Health,
International Edition, 15.1-2 (1951). pp. 27.
Indira Devi. "News from India of 6000 Naked
People Bathing in a Congregation." Sunbathing for Health,
(July 1954). p. 31.
Alan Duncan. “Kama Kala: Tenderness in Stone.” Nudist Magazine Digest, 1.1 (March
1965). pp. 64-65.
Pearce Gervis. Naked
They Pray. New York: Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1956.
Robert Henry. “Naked Goddesses of the Far East.”
[with unrelated photos] Classic
Line & Form 3.4 (July-Sept. 1969). pp. 6-17.
Donn Jackson. “Tales of Love in Stone.” Classic Line & Form 2.4
(July-Sept. 1968). pp. 52-55.
Paul LeValley. "Hindu Gods in Their Natural
Naturally, no. 46 (Spring 2003).
Paul LeValley, ed. "The Range of Hindu Nudity:
Three Perspectives." Nude
& Natural, 11.4 (August
1992). pp. 36-47. Contents:
LeValley. "Some Background on Hindu Nude Worship."
Werner. "Naked Asceticism in India." Reprinted from
1.3 (Spring 1964). pp. 12-15, 41, [which
appears to have been reprinted from a 1931 source].
Pasupati and Sadhak Ananda Ganapati. "Sexual Imagery in Saivite
Luise Putcamp Jr. “The Skyclad Poetess of Kashmir.”
[Lalla] Teenage Jaybird
1.4/4 (Feb.-Apr. 1970). pp. 10-13.
Barbara Roberts. “The Ramayana: Exotic
Sanskrit.” Classic Line
& Form 2.2 (Jan.-Mar. 1968). pp. 12-17.
Reprinted as “India’s Sacred Sex Gods.” Woman in Art, 2.1 (Jan.-Mar.
1974). pp. 40-47. [second time with unused Bishop photos
instead of drawings]
Mark Storey. “Gandhi on Nudism and Public Nudity.” Nude & Natural 29.1
(2009). pp. 19-28.
Mark Storey. "India's Naked Woman Poet." Nude & Natural,
21.1 (Autumn 2001). pp. 91-95.
Michael Wuthering. "The Hindu Conception of
Body and Soul." Sun
and Health, International Edition, 15.8
(1951). pp. 8-10, 30.
W. Crooke. "Nudity in India in Custom and
of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great
Britain and Ireland, vol. 49 (1919). pp. 237-251.
Indira Devi. " Aboriginal Tribes of
Nudist Leader, 31 (1953). pp. 8-9,
18-19. Reprinted in Nude World, 1 (1962). pp. 16-19.
Indira Devi. "The Nagas of India."
Sunbathing for Health,
8.7 (Dec. 1954). pp. 24-25, 30-31, 33.
Indira Devi. "The Unconscious Nudists."
Sun and Health,
International Edition, 15.12 (1951). pp.
4-6. Continued in 16.1 (1952). pp. 20, 26.
Mahasweta Devi. "Strange Children" and "The
Witch Hunt." Of
Women, Outcasts, Peasants, and Rebels. ed.
Kalpana Bardhan. Berkeley: University of California Press,
1990. pp. 229-241, 242-271. [Short stories].
Madhusree Mukerjee. The
Land of Naked People:
Encounters with Stone Age Islanders. Boston:
Company, 2003. [Andaman Islands].
Christolf von Furer-Haimendorf. The
Nagas, 2nd revised Indian ed. Calcutta: Thacker,
Paul LeValley. "How Do You Dress for a Muslim
Invasion? Or, The End of Bare-Breastedness in
2 (Spring 1991). pp. 10-13.
Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai. Chemmeen.
New York: Harper and Brothers, 1962. [Novel].
Indira Devi. "Great Possibilities for Nudism
in India." Sun
and Health, 14.1 (Jan. 1950). pp. 4-5.
Jim Meyer. "Depak's Dream: Can Naturism Find a Home in
India?" Nude & Natural, 22.1 (2002). pp. 20-21.
Reggie. "How to Have a Nudist Holiday in Asia." Travel
Naturally, no. 61 (winter 2006-07). pp. 11-16. [Mostly
about other countries.]
David Stuart Ryan. India:
A Guide to the Experience. London: Kosmik Press
Vivastra. "India—The Birth Place of Modern Day
Nudism?" Australian Sun & Health, 63 (1998). p. 46.
Revised Jan. 2017
Facts and Scientific Research
--compiled by Paul Bowman
with additional citations by Paul LeValley
We need more studies using solid scientific methodology, like these:
Casler, Lawrence, Ph. D., [Professor,
Psychology, State University College of Arts &
Geneseo, NY], "Nudist Camps," MEDICAL ASPECTS OF HUMAN SEXUALITY, May
1971, pp. 92 - 98.
Casler, Lawrence, Ph. D., [Professor,
Psychology, State University College of Arts & Science,
NY], "Some Sociopsychological observations in a Nudist Camp: A
preliminary Study," THE JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, 1964, 64, pp. 307
Foster, Jeremy J., [Bolton Institute of
England], "Notes on Perceived Personality of a
PERCEPTUAL AND MOTOR SKILLS, 1970, 31, pp. 941-942.
Freed, Herbert, M. D., [Clinical
Psychiatry and Medical Director of Psychotherapy at Temple University,
Philadelphia, PA}, "Nudity & Nakedness," SEXUAL
January 1973, pp. 3 - 7.
Goldman, R. J. & Goldman, J. G.,
University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia] (1981) Children's
perceptions of clothes and nakedness: A cross-national study, GENETIC
PSYCHOLOGY MONOGRAPHS, 104, 163-185.
Story, Marilyn, Ph.D., "A Comparison of
Nudists and Non-nudists on Experience with Various Sexual Outlets",
JOURNAL OF SEX RESEARCH, (Vol.23, No.2, May 1987), pp.197-211.
Story, Marilyn, Ph.D., "Comparisons of
Self-concept between Social Nudists and Nonnudists": JOURNAL OF
PSYCHOLOGY, Volume 118, First Half, September 1984, pp. 101-111.
Story, Marilyn, Ph.D., "Factors
Associated with more
positive Body Self-Concepts in Preschool Children," JOURNAL OF SOCIAL
PSYCHOLOGY, Volume 108, 1979, pp. 49-56.
Weinberg, Martin S., Ph.D., [Senior
Institute for Sex Research, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN],
"Nudists," SEXUAL BEHAVIOR, August 1971, pp. 51 - 54.
Comment from Paul LeValley:
Let me echo this appeal by mentioning
again that one
of the dirty little secrets of Fundamentalists is their high divorce
rate. Studies in the 1960s showed a lower-than-average
rate among nudists at that time. We are probably beating the
Religious Right at their own family values game, but don't have recent
numbers to prove it.
When I put together Naturists: Upholders of Strong
I cited only solid research. (Well, there was one exception
a headline too good to pass up.) The point was that the
opposition had not even a shred of evidence. I ruled out a
studies because they appeared in sex research journals whose titles
more alarms than the research would calm. That left only the
following short list of factual documents (in order of citation):
1. Gallup Poll, June 1983.
2. Opinion Research Corporation Poll, February 1990.
3. Roper Poll, September 2000.
4. EXCEL National Telephone Omnibus Study #P841, October 2000.
5. Roper Poll, September 2006.
6. Roper Poll, July 1985.
World's Best Nude Beaches and Resorts. Oshkosh:
The Naturist Society, 2007.
8. BTV Opinion Research Poll, October 1995.
9. K. Bacher. "205 Arguments and Observations in
Naturism, Extensively Documented with Quotes, References, Supporting
Research, and Resources for Further Study." Nude and Natural,
vol. 16, no. 1 (Aug. 1996). pp. 61-95.
10. William E. Hartman, Marilyn Fithian, and Donald
Society. Revised updated edition.
Topanga, CA: Elysium Growth Press, 1991.
11. Paul Okami. "Childhood Exposure to Parental
Review of Clinical Opinion and Empirical Evidence." The Journal of Sex Research,
vol. 32, no. 1 (1995). pp. 51-64.
12. Marilyn Story. "Factors Associated with More
Positive Body Self-Concepts in Pre-school Children." The Journal of Social Psychology,
108 (1979). pp. 49-56.
13. Robin J. Lewis and Louis H. Janda. "The
Between Adult Sexual Adjustment and Childhood Experiences Regarding
Exposure to Nudity, Sleeping in the Parental Bed, and Parental
Attitudes Toward Sexuality." Archives
of Sexual Behavior,
vol. 17, no. 4 (1988). pp. 349-362.
14. Dennis Craig Smith and William Sparks. The Naked Child: Growing Up
Without Shame. Topanga, CA: Elysium Growth
15. Ronald J. Goldman and Juliette D.G. Goldman.
"Children's Perceptions of Clothes and Nakedness: A
Cross-National Study." Genetic
Psychology Monographs, 104 (1981). pp. 163-185.
16. Rex v. Cruden, 2 Campbell's Nisi Prius Reports 89 (1809).
17. Barnes v. Glen Theatre, as clarified in Triplett Grille,
v. City of Akron, 1994 FED App. 0386P [6th Cir.] 94a0386p.06.
18. Erie v. Pap's A.M., 98-1161. Dissenting
opinions of Justices Stevens and Souter.
19. "Can Nudism Put Brake on Juvenile Delinquency?"
August 14, 1967. p. 1.
20. Paul Okami, Richard Olmstead, Paul R. Abramson, and Laura
Pendleton. "Early Childhood Exposure to Parental Nudity and
Scenes of Parental Sexuality ("Primal Scenes"): An 18-Year Longitudinal
Study of Outcome." Archives
of Sexual Behavior, vol. 27, no. 4 (1998). pp.
21. Elise F. Jones et. al. Teenage Pregnancy in
Industrialized Countries. New Haven:
Yale University Press, 1986.
Nudity and the Law: Abstracts of Cases. ed.
Gordon Gill. Macomb IL: Dr. Leisure, 1995.
23. Jen Pilla. "Battle over Beach Nudity May Hurt
State Tourism." The
Wall Street Journal [Florida Journal section].
July 19, 1995. p. F-1.
24. Pasco County Tourism Development Council. Cited
by Amy Keller. "Buck Naked." Florida Trend, the Magazine of
Florida Business, June 2006. pp. 78-81.
Recreation is Good Business. [video].
Oshkosh: Naturist Education Foundation, 1996.
26. Steven D. Moore. "Social Roles and Contact
Encountering Nude Bathers in a Wilderness Area." Diss.
of Arizona, 1991.
27. Oshkosh [Wisconsin] Municipal Code, sections 4-28, 4-29,
18-9, 18-81, as amended, 1996.
28. "Comprehensive Adult Use Regulations" Largo
City Code of Ordinances, chapter 13, article II-A. 1993.
& Managing Public Clothing Optional Parks and Beaches.
Kissimmee, FL: American Association for Nude Recreation. 2000.
The Spring 08 issue of Censorship News,
newsletter of the National Coalition Against Censorship, has a piece on
“The Ultimate Taboo” on virtual child pornography,
talks about the concerns of nude baby pictures and what is the
“promotion” of such materials. The May
Court decision could be read to include anyone who provides information
about children and being nude or “Overzealous prosecutors who
equate child nudity with pornography have charged parents and
grandparents with crimes for taking pictures of their children in the
bath, and charged academics for doing online research on erotic
Robin Baker. Bird
The solution to
a Mystery? New York: Holmes and Meir Publications.
The author’s research team conducted some of their work at a
naturist club near Manchester, England to assess that those without
clothes or with light cotton clothing could determine geomagnetic north
better than those wearing synthetic clothing.
Jacqueline Schoemaker Holmes.
(2006). “Bare Bodies, Beaches, and Boundaries: Abjected
Outsiders and Rearticulation at the Nude Beach. Sexuality & Culture 10(4)29-53.
“‘My image to be made
all naked:’ Cadaver Tombs and the Commemoration of Women in
Fifteenth-Century England.” The Ricardian, Volume
(2003). pp. 294-314.
Pau Obrador-Pons. (2007). “A
Haptic Geography of the Beach: Naked Bodies, Vision and
Touch.” Social &
Cultural Geography 8(1)123-141.
Will Rogers. There’s
Not a Bathing Suit
in Russia & Other Bare Facts. New York: Albert
Boni, 1927. (Pages 130-133 have the piece on river bathing in
Moscow with a cartoon by Herb Roth who illustrated the book).
Jane and Michael Stern.
“A Reporter at
Large––Decent Exposure.” The
New Yorker, March
19, 1990. pp. 73-98.
Starting in 1989, Rob wrote articles in
Attitude series, which appeared in a variety of naturist
publications. In 1995, he privately published a collection of
those articles. Many include his own drawings or
photographs. Rob has taken the lead in pointing out to
and informative magazines that most of the people in their prehistoric
diorama displays and paintings should be nude.
"Phallic Florida Turtle Flipper." Naturally, no. 17
(Fall 1995). p. 32 (short with drawing).
"Sensual Art of Julio Estrada." The
Gay-zette, vol. 1, no. 4 (Summer 1995). pp.
"The Smell of Love." The
Naturist Gay-zette, vol. 3, no. 4 (Winter 1997).
"Strange Beach Fellows." HotSpots!
no. 44 (Nov. 14, 1997). Ft. Lauderdale, FL.
simultaneously in The
Naturist Gay-zette, vol. 3, no. 4 (Winter
1997). p. 17.
"'Survivors' Impact on Nudism." The
Banner, Sep. 15, 2000. San Jose CA: Bay Area
Published simultaneously in The
Naturist Gay-zette, vol. 6, no. 3 (Fall
2000). p. 22.
"Things That Go Bump In the Water." The Naturist Gay-zette,
vol. 7, no. 3 (Fall 2001). pp. 30-31.
* "What Does a Guy Wear to the Nude Beach?"
no. 35 (Summer 2000) pp. 36-37. (with
photos). Reprinted in The
Naturist Gay-zette, vol. 6, no. 4
(Winter 2000) pp. 30-31.
RELATED MOVIE REVIEWS
"'Hollow Man'--A Nude Movie Review." The Naturist Gay-zette,
vol. 6, no. 3 (Fall 2000). p. 46.
"Movie Review--'The Fast Runner--Atanarjuat.'"
The Naturist Gay-zette,
vol. 8, no. 3 (Fall 2002). p. 43.
"Rob's Review--Trick's a Real Treat." The Naturist Gay-zette,
vol. 5, no. 3 (Fall 1999). p. 45.
"Rob's Nude Review of 'Supernova.'" The Slime
Trail, Spring 2000. SLUGS: Sun Lovers Under Gray
"'Starship Troopers' Portrays Body
Natural Times, Dec. 1997. Tri-State Metro
Naturists, NJ, NY, PA.
Bibliography: Indira Devi
From 1950 to 1954,
American nudist magazines printed lively articles by a young woman from
India, who signed as Indira Devi (probably a pen name). Then the
articles suddenly stopped. What had happened? Probably
marriage to a
man who disapproved. There was a letter to the editor three years
later—then total silence. In that final letter, she listed
as Motihari, a medium-sized town north of Patna, near the Nepalese
No one in India
seems to know who
she was, or whether she is still living. It is clear from her
that she hung out with well-to-do young ladies (both Indian and
European) who had plenty of leisure time and were open to
experimentation with nude bathing. But it is her writing on
the primitive tribes of India that remain the best on the topic to this
"Aboriginal Tribes of India." American
Nudist Leader, 31 (1953). pp.
8-9, 18-19. Reprinted in Nude World, 1 (1962). pp. 16-19.
"Great Possibilities for Nudism in India." Sun and Health, 14.1 (Jan.
1950). pp. 4-5.
“History Repeats” [Krishna]. American Nudist Leader 30
(1953). pp. 4-9. Reprinted in Nude World, 5 (Dec.
1962). pp. 42-44.
“An Ideal Place of Worship.” American Nudist Leader, 27
(1952). pp. 18-19.
"Idol Worship." Sun and Health,
International Edition, 15.1-2 (1951). pp. 27.
"The Nagas of India." Sunbathing
for Health, 8.7 (Dec. 1954). pp. 24-25, 30-31, 33.
"News from India of 6000 Naked People Bathing in a
Congregation." Sunbathing for
Health, 8.2 (July 1954). p. 31.
“Out of the Past.” [Letter] Modern Sunbathing, June 1957.
"The Unconscious Nudists." Sun
and Health, International Edition,
15.12 (1951). pp. 4-6. Continued in 16.1 (1952). pp.
1996.03.00.What a Year & Greek Naturists.PC.pdf
1996.05.00.The Courts, the Naturist Cause & Dinero.PC.Frandsen.pdf
1996.06.00.Supreme Court, Free Speech & Radical
1996.07.00.Re Playalinda Arrests.Letter to Editor, NewsOb.Frandsen.pdf
1996.09.00.Courts Meet CFN & Vice Versa.LegalScene.pdf
1996.10.00.Effects of Success.LegalScene.pdf
1996.11.00.Free Speech vs. People's Republic of CNS.LegalScene.pdf
1997.00.00.Case Update for FANR Newsletter.Frandsen.pdf
1997.01.00.Naturist Legal Update for the New
1997.02.00.Bad Stuff & Good Things.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1997.07.00.As the Pivot Turns.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1997.08.00.On Overturning the Supreme Court.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1997.09.00.Kristina Davis & Beyond.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1997.10.00.Top(ic)-less in Melbourne.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1997.11.00.Naturists & the Permit(ed) Word
1998.02.00.By the Time You Read This, It Will Be
1998.03.00.Pessimism & the Courts.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1998.04.00.Group Action & Ends of Power.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1998.06.09.Jet Skis vs. aircraft at CNS.Letter to
1998.08.00.Cases Update - F1, F2, Permit, Palm, CFN
1998.08.00.Political Raspberries From & To a Brevard Circuit
1998.10.00.Cases Update - F1, F2, Palm, Sosnow.CW.Frandsen.pdf
1998.10.00.Great Canaveral Complaints Scam.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1998.11.00.Spinning the Elections '98.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1999.01.00.Goals & Wishes for 1999.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1999.03.00.FOIA Results for 1998.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1999.06.00.Does Naturist Litigation make a
1999.07.00.Dark Secrets of Concurrent Jurisdiction at CNS,
1999.09.00.Deja Vu All Over Again.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1999.10.00.Naked Truth about the Case of the Naked
1999.10.00.Sosnow & Other Case Updates.CW.Frandsen.pdf
1999.12.00.Legal Nude Year in New Millenium.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
1999.12.00.Update on CFN v. Williams.CW.Frandsen.pdf
1999.Winter.The Great Canaveral Complaints Scam.FANR.Frandsen.pdf
Short Legal Scene column published in the FANR (now AANR-Florida)
Winter 1999. Essay and case study of how a political mugging is
carried out against
naturists by opponents of nonsexual nudity.
2000.02.28.Intro to Canaveral National Seashore.Buzz.Frandsen.pdf
2000.03.00.1999 CNS Complaints & Tourism
2000.07.00.Publicity & Survival.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
2000.08.00.Tidbits from History - The Way We
2000.09.00.Is Public Nudity Legal in Florida.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
2000.09.04.Is Public Nudity Legal in Florida.Buzz.Frandsen.pdf
2000.10.00.CFN & BEACHES.LegalScene.Frandsen.pdf
2000.12.07.Female Dress & Female Civil Rights
2002.01.14.Judges Overrule State Constitutional
2002.05.00.Nude Up North (Visit to Ft.
2002.10.26.Case Updates - 1A, TF10 etc..CW.Frandsen.pdf
2004.06.02.Federal Appeals Courts Overrule Supreme Court Nudity
Decisions.Buzz.Frandsen.pdf Draft legal column for the Beach Buzz
examines the evolution of constitutional law regarding First Amendment
protections for (or lack thereof) since the famous Barnes case, with a
Section 2: Special Essays, Letters etc.
2000.00.00.Naturists and the Permit[ted] Word in America,
1915-98.N.17.4.Frandsen.pdf Comprehensive essay on the history of
free speech and naturists in America. Naturists have actually had
a major impact on First Amendment law since the early 20th
century. Published in Nude & Natural magazine. (Scanned hardcopy, 24.1
2001.02.00.Galileo & Naturism - His First Heresy.N
20.3.Frandsen.pdf (4.1 MB) Discussion of Against the
Donning of the Gown, an essay in
verse by the youthful Galileo Galilei. It turns out the young
academic Galileo wrote the first naturist essay in European history, in
verse, during his first academic appointment. In the year 2000
this gem was rediscovered and translated into English by the head of
the Italian space program and noted by the British scientific journal
2001.09.00.List of Naturist Science Books & Dissertations
(scan).Frandsen.pdf A list of books & dissertations
on topics of interest to the social science of nudity.
2001.09.29.Bibliography For Court.Frandsen.pdf List of naturist social science
sources. Intended to buttress legal arguments against adverse
secondary effects. Note actual court use requires expert witness
testimony of sources. For now it is simply a resource list.
2002.05.08.Naturist Science Summary Notes.Frandsen.pdf Notes & quotes on naturist
history and social science from a wide variety of sources - books,
newspapers, journals, case law, internet pubs, etc.. (>700 kB)
2003.07.09.Don't Ban Nudist Youth Camps!.IC.Frandsen! Essay inspired by Congressional House
Rep. Foley’s brief but famous crusade against nudist youth
camps being held in Florida. Rep. Foley later became the
subject of a scandal involving young male pages. (2 MB) http://www.intellectualconservative.com/article2458.html Still published on line by
2007.09.16.Why CFN Is Going Naked.cfn.web.Frandsen.pdf A look at the business model of
naturist clubs and how it should change in the 21st century.
2007.09.18.Naturist Resistance at Canaveral National
Seashore.cfn.web.Frandsen.pdf A comprehensive if admittedly
incomplete history of the big picture of naturist resistance to
repeated attempts to shut down nude recreation at Canaveral National
Seashore. (6 MB)
Section 4: Naturism & Religion
0000.Naturism & the Judeo-Christian Tradition (scan).Letter to
Legislators.Frandsen.pdf A short and goal oriented summary of
why Christianity does not conflict with naturism. (2.7 MB)
2005.12.31.Naturism and the Judeo-Christian Tradition.web.Frandsen.pdf A thorough look at the Bible and
Jewish and Christian tradition to show that Judaism and Christianity
does not conflict with Naturism. Makes the claim that the
apostles/disciples practiced naturism and Jesus preached naturist
ideals. Considers objections made from Biblical texts. (171
kB) Also posted online at
Section 5: Naturist FOIA Reports, Tourism Studies etc.
1995.03.28.Frandsen Address to TItusville City Council + Worksheet
(scan).pdf(1 MB) Speeches given to Titusville City
Council which resulted in a resolution against the imminent Brevard
County anti-nudity ordinance.
1995.03.19.Playalinda License Plate Study #1
(scan).Memo.CFN.Frandsen.pdf(0.5 MB) First look at naturist vs.
textile populations at Playalinda Beach by counting license plates and
noting location. This approach was actually first suggested by a
Titusville city council person.
1995.04.09.Playalinda License Plate Study #2
(scan).Memo.CFN.Frandsen.pdf (1.4 MB)
1996.11.03.Playalinda License Plate Study #3
(Scan).Memo.CFN.Frandsen.pdf (0.5 MB)
1996.11.05.CNS FOIA Report for 1995.04 - 1996.10
(complaints)(scan).CFN.Frandsen.pdf (< 0.2 MB)
1997.10.27.CNS (NAC) FOIA Report for 1995-1997.5.CFN.Frandsen.pdf(1.1
1997.09.02.NPS Figures for Attendance @ CNS, 1991-1997
1998.01.12.CNS Tourism 1992-1997.Memo.CFN.Frandsen.pdf!(0.08 MB)
1998.01.12.Effect of Brevard County Anti-Nudity Ordinance on Tourism @
CNS (scan).Memo.CFN.Frandsen.pdf(5 MB)
1998.05.09.CNS FOIA Report for 1997.01-1998.03 (scan).CFN.Frandsen.pdf(
1999.03.20.1998 CNS Complaints & Tourism Data
1999.03.20.CNS FOIA Report for 1998 (scan).CFN.Frandsen.pdf(1.1 MB)
1999.07.05.Playalinda License Plate Study #4
(scan).Memo.CFN.Frandsen.pdf(< 1 MB)
2000.03.18.1999 CNS Complaints & Tourism Data
(scan).Memo.CFN.Frandsen.pdf(< 1 MB)
2000.03.18.CNS FOIA Report for 1999 (scan).CFN.Frandsen.pdf(< 1 MB)
2000.06.11.Analysis of Public Comments re NPS Apollo Beach Plan
(scan).Memo.CFN.Frandsen.pdf(< 1 MB)
2001.06.15.2000 CNS Complaints & Tourism Data
2001.06.15.CNS FOIA Report for 2000 (e-).CFN.Frandsen.pdf(< 0.1 MB)
2004.01.02.CNS FOIA Report for 2001-2002 (e-).CFN.Frandsen.pdf(< 0.2
2004.09.27.CNS FOIA Report for 2003 (scan).CFN.Frandsen.pdf(1.4 MB)
2005.05.08.CNS FOIA Report for 2004 v. 1.1
(e-).CFN.Frandsen.pdf!(< 0.2 MB)
2006.04.30.CNS FOIA Report for 2005 (e-).CFN.Frandsen.pdf(< 0.2 MB)
2007.09.01.CNS FOIA Report for 2006 (e-).CFN.Frandsen.pdf(< 0.2 MB)
2008.09.27.CNS FOIA Report for 2007 (e-2).CFN.Frandsen.pdf(< 0.2 MB)
Section 6: Legal Memos, Essays & Letters
0000.00.00.The Path of Pro Se.Frandsen.pdf(< 0.1 MB) Essay on the journey of representing
yourself in court. Date & publication unknown.
1996.00.00.Adverse Secondary Effects.Essay from LRM.pdf(< 0.2 MB) ~1996 essay on the issue of adverse
secondary effects of public nudity. Intended to be a thought
piece for future legal use.
1996.03.31.Letter to Rainbow Tribe - FL nudity law, color of law
etc.Letter.Frandsen->Rainbow.pdf (1.1 MB) Letter regarding legal issues raised
by misuse of Florida’s state nudity law, §800.03, against
Rainbow Tribe people by local law enforcement. I was wrong about
§800.03, Florida Statutes being a sex offender crime, but as a
first degree misdemeanor it can still be a problem.
1999.06.26.Rethinking Jurisdiction.Memo.Frandsen.pdf(7.3 MB) Legal memo about the conundrum of
country laws and criminal jurisdiction at the federally managed
Canaveral National Seashore, Florida.
1999.07.01.CFN 1st Amendment Case Denied Supreme Court
Review.cfn.web.Frandsen.pdf CFN web post regarding conclusion of
State v. Frandsen #1.
2000.06.00.NPS Permit Scheme Ruled Facially
Unconstitutional.cfn.web.Frandsen.pdf Web post on the story of winning
against the National Park Service permit scheme in federal court.
2001.02.00.Female Dress and Female Civil Rights
(Essay).cfn.web.Frandsen.pdf Essay on the relevance of topfree
rights to substantive civil rights.
Section 7: May It Please the Court: Legal Briefs, Motions & Opinions
2000.05.25.United States v. Frandsen, 212 F.3d 1231,
2000.C11.0042315 (11th Cir. 2000.05.25).pdf Final opinion issued by the federal
11th Circuit Court of Appeals on the constitutionality of the National
Park Service permit scheme regulating First Amendment activities.
Section 8: Extra, Extra - History & Miscellaneous
1979.00.00.Free Beaches Sun.California.pdf (20 MB) First 16 pages of “before there
was Clothed With the Sun” address the near-designation of clothing
optional beaches in California and the ultimate establishment of the
Cahill Policy. Also an excellent column on how to influence
George R. Harker
George Harker, well known professionally
Leisure, has done a great deal of expert witness testimony in behalf of
nude recreation. If anyone has illusions of making a
living at this, Dr. Leisure writes:
My basic advice regarding those wanting
to be an
expert witness in this field is don't bother. There is very little
demand and much less support. The Naturist Society and the American
Association of Nude Recreation seldom put their money where their mouth
is. In general they don't have a clue as to the social
going on with regard to nude beaches and the public's attitude toward
Besides testifying and writing, Dr.
Leisure has also
published books by others. His vita includes many articles on
wildlife and park management--an important part of his
credentials. This shortened list contains only his naturist
"Nude Bathing, No Controversy," Parks
and Recreation, pages 58-61, August 1987.
"Paradox in Paradise," Clothed
with the Sun, pages , Summer
Creation and Management
Guide to Public Clothing
Optional Beaches and Parks, The American Sunbathing
He Wouldn't Drink The
Hemlock: The Firing of Dr. Leisure, Dr. Leisure 1993. 462
Introduction to the book: Recreational
Nudity and the Law,
by Gordon Gill, Dr. Leisure 1995. 198 pages.
The Mostly True life
Adventures of Dr. Leisure Vol. II ISBN 1-887471-08-1, Dr.
Leisure 1998, 345 pages.
"What is the Value of A Nude Beach?"
"Is It Legal to be Nude on a Nude Beach in Hawaii?"
"How to Photograph a Nude Wedding for National TV in
"Trends in Nudity and the Law," Heartland Naturist Gathering, Cherokee
Nudist Resort, Tenn. June 1995.
"Nudism/ Nudity/ Paganism", CraftWise, Radison Maingate,
Kissimmee Fl. February 1996.
"Trends in Nude Recreation," at a CLE national legal
symposium "Non Sexual Nudity: Threat or Benign" Florida International
University, North Miami Beach, FL October 9-11, 1998.
EXPERT WITNESS TESTIMONY
Prepared affidavit: Craft v. Hodel (1988) United
States District Court, District of Massachusetts. (page 96 Recreational
Nudity and the Law) Craft v. Hodel (1988) United States District Court,
District of Massachusetts 683 F.Sup. 289 (D.Mass. 1988),
Testified at public administrative hearing regarding
State Park Regulations, Hawaii, November 1989. The hearings derived out
of Peter Rowley's suit against the State of Hawaii. State v. Rowley
(1988) Supreme Court of Hawaii 70 Haw. 135,74 P.2d 1233 (1988),
Testified to the Board of the Department of Land and Natural Resources
at Hilo, Hawaii, January 1990.
Gave deposition: The Naturist Society, Inc. and T.A.
Wyner v Fillyaw (1990) United States District Court, S.D. Florida, Fort
Lauderdale Div. (page 109 Recreational Nudity and the Law) The Naturist
Society, Inc., and T.A. Wyner v. Fillyaw (1990) United States District
Court, S.D. Florida, Fort Lauderdale Div. 736 F.Supp 1103 (S.D. Fla.
1990) Remanded, 958 F.2d 1515 (11th Cir. 1992) On remand, 858 F.Supp.
1559 (S.D. Fla. 1994)
Testified as expert witness, New York: People
v. David (1989), City of Rochester (New York) Appellate judge
cites testimony of Dr. Harker as basis for overturn of convictions by
lower court. (See page 105 in Recreational Nudity and the Law.) People
v David (1989) City Court of Rochester (New York) 146 Misc.2d 115, 549
N.Y.S.2d 564 (City Ct. 1989) Rev'd, 152 Misc.2d 66, 585 N.Y.S.2d 149
(County Ct. 1991),
Consultation with National Park Service regarding
Playalinda National Seashore May 1, 1995. Frank Catroppa, Regional
Office of National Park Service, Atlanta, Georgia.
Not allowed to testify: People v. Davis, May
21, 1996. Judge Philip Fougerousse, Rockledge, FL., will not hear the
expert testimony of any of three expert witnesses brought to Florida to
testify on behalf of Davis. Davis was charged with breast exposure in
violation of Brevard County ordinance.
Testified as expert witness: People v.
Stillmeyer, September 26, 1996. Erin Stillmeyer was charged
exposure of her breast on a nude beach under the Brevard County
ordinance. Apparently she was asleep on her back on the beach. She was
awakened and charged with violation of the county nudity ordinance. Dr.
Harker was accepted as an expert by Judge Kenneth Freidland.
Prepared to testify as expert witness: United States
of America vs. Leo F. Rodriguez, Citation Number: PO 32076. June 25,
1998 in the United States District Court for the District of Hawaii.
Issue was creation of NPS prohibition of nudity and nude sunbathing in
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park.
Naturist Publications by Carl M. Hild, PhD.
Who dis Nudist? Or A
Case of Robe versus Disrobe. (Also Who’s This Nudist?)
by John T. Beavin & Carl Marshall Hild (1979)--a two-act comedy
with music dedicated to Earl and Lucille Hansen, owners of Circle H
Ranch. Only a handful of copies exist, although it is
“Body Acceptance – Gradations on a spectrum of
15.3, (1996) pp. 113-124.
“Nudism with a Social Conscious.” N, 21.3, (2002) pp.
“Places and states of mind for healing.” ReVision, 29 (1),
(2006) pp. 12-19.
Dissertation (contains reference to how the human body
perceives place, and that direct contact enhances the capacity)
C.M. (2007). Engaging
Inupiaq values in land management for health through an action research
appreciative inquiry process. Dissertation for Saybrook Graduate School
and Research Center, San Francisco, CA.
“In 1987.” The
March 1979. p. 2. (Comments on the Pioneer X space
with the anatomically correct couple on the greeting plaque).
“The Logo.” N
9.1 (1989). p. 5. (Also in this issue is the p. 14
Sees Through Fig Leaves on t-shirts that I conceived for Lee and TNS,
based on the Pioneer 10 couple).
“How do we communicate?” N
9.2 (1989). p. 123. (With Vicki Hild, recommendations for how
improve items from the “Skinny Dipper Shop” and
more publically available on newsstands--suggesting a member version
and a public information version.
“Forum & Catalyst” N
9.4 (1989). p. 118. (Editorial comments on the N
and encouragement for TNS to use N as a catalyst for change).
“Art Okay, The Body Definitely Not!” N
10.1 (1990) p. 101 (With Vicki Hild--issuing the concept of artists
using nude models in public places where there is other statuary).
“Body Acceptance in our Lifetime?” N 15.3
(1996). pp. 129-131. (Issuing challenges to TNS
members for ways to make the philosophy more popularly known).
“Nothing Beats Cotton.” N
21.3 (2002). p. 17. (Mention of Robin
research at a Manchester, UK naturist club on human geomagnetic
“Seeing Through Fig Leaves.” N 21.4
(2002). p. 19. (Mention of the Pioneer X couple).
“Alaska: Not so Nude?” N 24.3
(2005). p. 12. (Comments on the N 24.2 issue).
“Long before…” N
26.1 (2006). p.5. (With Vicki Hild, mention of nude
activities of Medieval pilgrims and some recent advertisements about
how woman can look nearly naked beneath their clothes and wear a
product that covers their nipples so the contour does not appear).
I wish I had access to Clothed with the
1-8 to be able to check them, as I know there were other letters that I
submitted. Also the old ASA Bulletin had a few as well, but
are long since gone from my collection. Too many moves during the 70s
Naturist Articles by Paul
The "Art Follows Nature" series has come
to a close
after twenty years. The book version has not yet
This seems a good moment to pause and gather up the scattered articles
that have been published across four continents. I didn't
there were over 150 of them.
Art Follows Nature
(in book chapter order)
"Hail and Farewell." Naturally,
no. 66 (Spring 2008), pp 46-50.
"Self-Confidence in Middle-Kingdom Egypt." Naturally, no. 5
(Winter/Spring 1992). pp. 26-28.
"Status, Gender, and the Body in Later Egypt." Naturally, no. 41
(Winter 2001/02). pp. 14-17.
"The Gymnosophists." Naturally,
no. 17 (Fall 1995). pp. 10-13.
"Gymnosophy in Europe and the Middle East." Travel Naturally,
no. 53 (Winter 2004-05). pp. 38-41.
"The Jains: Keeping Your Mind Clear By Keeping Your
Body Free." Naturally,
no. 36 (Fall 2000). pp. 12-15.
"Ajivikas and Buddhists." Naturally,
(Fall 1997). pp. 15-18.
"Physical and Spiritual Love." Naturally,
(Fall 1998). pp. 12-16.
"Hindu Gods in Their Natural Manifestations." Travel Naturally,
no. 46 (Spring 2003). pp. 42-45.
"How Do You Dress for a Muslim Invasion? Or, The End
of Bare-Breastedness in India." Naturally,
1991). pp. 10-13.
"China, Japan, and the Tradition That Barely
no. 22 (Winter/Spring 1997). pp. 12-15.
"Interrupted Beginnings: Crete and the Etruscans." Naturally, no. 40
(Fall 2001). pp. 12-14.
"Myth, Man, and Nature." Naturally,
no. 21 (Fall 1996). pp. 11-14.
"The Riddle of the Sphinx." Travel
no. 56 (Fall 2005). pp. 34-36.
"The Real Olympics: Education for Godlike Display." Naturally, no. 6
(Summer 1992). pp. 11-13.
"Greek Athletics and the Arts." Naturally,
(Summer 1996). pp. 11-14.
"Athletics and Ascetics: Parallel Nude Traditions of
Greece and India." Travel
Naturally, no. 51 (Summer 2004), pp.
"Daughters of Aphrodite." Naturally,
(Winter 1998/99). pp. 11-14.
"How Cupid Shrank and Grew and Shrank Again." Naturally, no. 8
(Winter 1992/93). pp. 14-16.
"Another Look at Cupid." Travel
Naturally, no. 52 (Fall 2004). pp. 38-41.
"What Happens When Caesar Becomes a God?
Religion and Nudity in Ancient Rome." Naturally, no. 10
(Summer/Fall 1993). pp. 9-12.
"The Illustrated Bible, Part I." Naturally, no. 33
(Winter 1999/2000). pp. 14-18.
"The Illustrated Bible, Part II." Naturally, no. 34
(Spring 2000). pp. 14-17.
"How Early Christians Dealt With the Naked
no. 18 (Winter 1995/96). pp. 14-17.
"Women of Late Antiquity." Travel
no. 58 (Spring 2006). pp. 34-37.
"The Middle-Eastern Nude." Naturally,
(Summer 2002). pp. 10-13.
"East of the Imagination." Naturally,
(Spring 2001). pp. 11-15.
"Paradise Unrecognized." Travel
Naturally, no. 48 (Fall 2003). pp. 38-41.
"The Amazon: Where People Unlearned Clothing." Naturally, no. 76 (Fall
2010). pp. 41-44.
"Ancient Mexican Heritage." Naturally,
(Fall 1994). pp. 10-13.
"The Mexican Muralistas." Naturally,
(Summer 2000). pp. 11-14.
"American Indian (lack of) Costume." Clothed with the Sun
7.4 (Spring 1988). pp. 33-35.
"The Noble Savage." Naturally,
no. 16 (Summer 1995). pp. 13-16.
"Africa: The Continuing Tradition." Naturally, no. 9
(Spring 1993). pp. 12-15.
"The Nude as Anti-Slavery Symbol." The Event, no. 34
(Summer 1990). pp. 17-19.
"Descendants of Lady Godiva." Naturally,
(Winter/Spring 1997). pp. 26-29.
"The Medieval Analysis of Nudity." Travel Naturally,
no. 55 (Summer 2005). pp. 38-41.
"The Eternal Nude." Naturally,
no. 12 (Spring 1994). pp. 10-13.
"The Chicken Keeper's Son: Trend Setter for the
Early Renaissance." Naturally,
no. 30 (Spring 1999). pp.
"Because It Is Honest: The Renaissance Nude." Naturally, no. 11
(Winter 1993/94). pp. 10-12.
"David: Young Representative of Many Ages." Naturally, no. 15
(Winter/Spring 1995). pp. 10-13.
"Point of View." Naturally,
no. 42 (Spring 2002). pp. 10-13.
"The Baroque Agony." Travel
Naturally, no. 57 (Winter 2005/06). pp. 36-39.
"Running Wild--Diana to Mowgli." Naturally, no. 37
(Winter 2000/01). pp. 11-14.
"Garden-Variety Sculptures." Naturally,
(Summer 1991). pp. 16-18.
"Let Us Now Praise Distinguished Men." Naturally, no. 26
(Spring 1998). pp. 11-14.
"Nudes in All Directions." Travel
no. 59 (Summer 2006). pp. 40-43.
"The Academic Tradition." Naturally,
(Summer 1999). pp. 12-15.
"A Modest History of the Fig Leaf." Travel Naturally,
no. 47 (Summer 2003). pp. 36-40.
"The Difference Between Night and Day." Naturally, no. 27
(Summer 1998). pp. 12-15.
"The Many French Revolutions." Naturally,
(Summer 2001). pp. 11-15.
"Discovery of the Boy in Nineteenth-Century
Event, no. 33 (Spring 1990). pp. 23-25.
"The Neapolitan Fisherboy Tradition." Naturally, no. 4
(Fall 1991). pp. 12-14.
"All-American Boyhood." Naturally,
no. 25 (Winter 1997/98). pp. 11-13.
"The Swimming Hole: From Camera to Canvas." Naturally, no. 1
(Fall/Winter 1990/91). pp. 10-13.
"The Art of Swimming." Travel
Naturally, no. 49 (Winter 2003/04). pp. 40-43.
"Industrial-Strength Nudes." Naturally,
(Spring 1996). pp. 10-13.
"To Shock the Bourgeoisie." Travel
no. 54 (Spring 2005). pp. 42-45.
"Fidus, the First Nudist Artist." Travel Naturally,
no. 50 (Spring 2004). pp. 38-41.
"A Missing Chapter: Nazis and Nudes." Naturally, no. 73 (Winter 2009).
"Figure Sculpture--American Women to the Rescue."
Naturally, no. 7
(Fall 1992). pp. 12-15.
"From Girl to Woman." Naturally,
no. 44 (Fall 2002). pp. 10-13.
"By Way of Illustration: A Century of Seaside
no. 13 (Summer 1994). pp. 10-13.
"The Art of Choice." Naturally,
no. 82 (Spring 2012). pp. 30-32.
"Free as a Bird." Travel
Naturally, no. 45 (Winter 2002/03). pp. 10-14.
"Art Through the Millennia, or Nudes Forever." Naturally, no. 32
(Fall 99). pp. 12-15.
"Supplement 1: The Exotic." Travel
Naturally, no. 61 (Winter 2006/07). pp. 36-39.
"Supplement 2: Traditional Roots." Naturally, no. 62
(Spring 2007). pp. 38-41.
"Supplement 3: Medieval through Enlightenment." Naturally, no. 63
(Summer 2007). pp. 46-49.
"Supplement 4: More Joys of Boyhood." Naturally, no. 64
(Fall 2007). pp. 48-51.
"Supplement 5: Nineteenth and Twentieth
no. 65 (Winter 2007/08). pp.
"Supplement 6: New Discoveries." Naturally, no. 71 (Summer 2009).
Alessandro Bertolotti. Books
Translated from the French by Liz Nash. New York: Harry N.
Abrams, 2007. Reviewed in Naturally,
Monica Bohm-Duchen. The
Nude. Themes in
Art Series. London: Scala Books, 1992. Reviewed in
no. 9 (Spring 1993). p. 34.
Philip Carr-Gomm. A Brief
History of Nakedness. London: Reaktion Books, 2010.
Reviewed in Naturally, no. 76
(Fall 2010). p. 56.
The Dictionary of
Art, 34 vols. ed. Jane
Shoaf Turner. London: Macmillan Publishers, 1996.
no. 23 (Summer 1997). p. 43.
Bram Dijkstra. Naked: The Nude
in Ameirca. New York: Rizzoli, 2010. Reviewed in Naturally, no. 79 (Summer
2011). p. 53.
Will Forest. Co-ed Naked
Philosophy. Lexington: no publisher listed, 2011.
Reviewed in Naturally, no. 82
(Spring 2012), p. 46.
James Gilligan. Violence:
Our Deadly Epidemic
and Its Causes. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons,
Reviewed in Nude
& Natural 18.4. pp. 8-9.
Richard Leppert. The
Nude: The Cultural
Rhetoric of the Body in the Art of Western Modernity.
Westview Press, 2007. 318 p. Reviewed in Naturally, no. 67.
M. Millswan. Living in the
State of Dreams. New York: Blue Moon Books, 2007.
Reviewed in the Professors &
Researchers SIG Newsletter, no. 38 (November 2010).
Naked in Nature: Great
Skinny-Dipping Moments in Art
and Literature. ed. Robert Ellis
Smith. 2006. Color
printout. Reviewed in the Professors
and Researchers SIG
Newsletter, no. 20 (May 2006).
Linda Nochlin. Bathers,
Bodies, Beauty: The
Visceral Eye. Cambridge MA: Harvard University
342 pages. Reviewed in Naturally,
no. 62 (Spring 2007). p.
56-57. Reprinted in no. 66 (Spring 2008). pp. 56-57.
Tony Perrottet. The
Naked Olympics. New
York: Random House, 2004. Reviewed in Travel Naturally,
(Fall 2005) p. 60. Also mentioned briefly:
of the Ancient World.
for the History of Greek Athletics in English
and Pleket, The
Olympic Games: The First Thousand Years
Yalouris et. al. The
Eternal Olympics: The Art and History of
Abigail Solomon-Godeau. Male
Trouble: A Crisis
in Representation. London: Thames and
Reviewed in Naturally,
no. 26 (Spring 1998), pp. 47-48.
Leo Steinberg. The
Sexuality of Christ in
Renaissance Art and in Modern Oblivion, second expanded
Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.
Nude & Natural
17.3 (March 1998). pp. 58-60. Also
included are thumbnail sketches of:
and the Bible.
Adamites of Bohemia.
Z. Smith. Map
Is Not Territory.
Woodcock and Ivan Avakumovic. The
[Geoff Tortuga]. Nudist
Travel. La Jolla, CA: Tahanga Research
Reviewed in Naturally,
no. 7 (Fall 1992). p. 30.
College Greek Athletic Meet.
Tallahassee Naturally, 2012.
Gymnosophists, Jains, etc.
"Athletics and Ascetics: Different Yet Similar
[international journal of Jain
scholarship] vol. 1, no. 5 (May 1986). pp. 10-11.
Or, The Real Gymnosophists, Their Thoughts, Their Legacy."
Clothed with the Sun,
vol. 6, no. 4 (Winter 1986-87). pp. 71-74.
The Gymnosophist Legacy
in India 326 B.C.-1604
A.D. diss. Florida State University,
1987. See Dissertation
Abstracts International, vol. 48, no. 7 (Jan.1988),
"New Evidence of Mauryan Presence at Shravana
vol. 2, no. 7 (Sept. 1987). pp. 5-6.
"Sañjaya, Co-founder of Jain
vol. 3, no. 8 (Oct.-Nov. 1988).
pp. 2-3. [Lead article].
"Some Background on Hindu Nude Worship." Nude
& Natural, vol. 11, no. 4 (Aug. 1992).
pp. 37-39. Also
edited the entire section, "The range of Hindu Nudity, Three
Perspectives," pp. 36-47.
"What Did the Gymnosophists Believe?"
Yavanika, Journal of the
Indian Society for Greek and Roman Studies,
no. 2 (1992). pp. 61-84.
"Greek Influence on Indian Sculptures as Early as
Alexander's Campaign." Yavanika,
Indo-Hellenic Studies, No.
6--1996 (2000). pp. 3-27. [Lead article].
"Naked Ascetics: Some Observations on the Sramana
Religious Spectrum." Sophia,
vol. 39, no. 2 (Oct.-Nov. 2000), pp.
"Common Ground: Greek Athletics among Indian
Indo-Hellenic Studies, no. 10--2000
(2006). pp. 33-60.
"Gymnosophy, Past, Present, and Future."
Udayana: New Horizons in
History, Classics and Inter-cultural
Studies. ed. Atul Kumar Sinha and Abhay Kumar
Delhi: Anamika Publishers & Distributers, 2007. pp.
"Jewish and Islamic Tales of the Gymnosophists." Yavanika: Indo-Hellenic Studies,
no. 13 (2010). pp. 72-84.
See also the India articles in the Art Follows Nature
"Social Class in American Naturism."
no. 12 (Spr.1994). pp. 21-23. Reprinted in The
Orfalinda Trilogy and Other Early Writings.
"Nude Art Through History." Beach
Buzz, vol. 2,
no. 5 (Nov.-Dec. 2001). pp. 1-3.
"My Adventure as an Art Collector." Travel Naturally,
no. 44 (Fall 2002). p. 13.
The Orfalinda Trilogy
and Other Early Writings. Baltimore:
PublishAmerica, 2004; revised hardbound edition 2009.
"Not So Fast..." The
FANR Quarterly. March 2006. p. 2.
"Professors & Researchers SIG Goes Online." Nude & Natural 28.2 (Dec.
2008). p. 83.
"Tribute to Leonite Moore." The
Bulletin, June 2011. p. 6.
"Professors & Researchers SIG Moves Its Website." Nude & Natural 32.2 (Winter
2012). p. 60.
"Hold onto Our Teens, and Bring on the Students." The Bulletin, July 2015.
"Nudist-Friendly Movies You Can Watch with Your Children." The Bulletin, February 2014.
"Nude Swimming in School." The
Bulletin, May 2014. p. 13.
"Two Classic Movies by Zeffirelli." The Bulletin, July 2014. p.
"Treating Boys and Girls with Equal Respect." The Bulletin, September 2014.
"I Met a Man Who Wasn't There: Invisibility in the Movies." The Bulletin, December 2014.
"Stranded on a Deserted Island." The Bulletin, March 2015. p.
"What Is Human Nature?" The
Bulletin, May 2015. p. 28.
"Beach Boys." The Bulletin,
July 2015. p. 26.
"Florida: The 1994 Legislative Experience." Nude & Natural
13.4 (May 1994). pp. 76-86.
(With Skootch Pankonin). The
to Skinny-Dipping Issues. Washington: Naturist
"Vote Carefully." The
Bulletin, July 1996. p. 3.
Naturists: Upholders of
Strong Family Values.
Tallahassee: Tallahassee Naturally, 1997. 2nd ed.
ed. 2007. 4th ed. 2017. [A Naturist Education Foundation
"The Nature of Fundamentalism, the Fundamentals of
Naturism: Parallels and Divergences." Nude & Natural,
vol. 18, no. 3 (March
1999). pp. 85-91. [Keynote address at the 1998
Naturist Gathering]. Reprinted in The Orfalinda Trilogy and Other
"Candidates Visit Tallahassee Bare-Devils." The Bulletin, Oct.
How Naturists Evaluate & Elect Good Political
Candidates. [Brochure] Tallahassee: Tallahassee
"The Infamous Black Notebook and the Weldon Amendment." Nude & Natural 29.2 (Winter
2009). pp. 81-83.
"Florida Republicans, Beware."
The Bulletin, July 2012. p. 4.
"Suntan Lake: A Place Where a Woman Can Feel Free
and Safe at the Same Time." [Brochure] Watered down
"Five Years of Memories." Bare
and Free, vol.
3, no. 4 (Sept. 1991). Updated 1996. 2001, 2006.
“Bare-Devils Practice Traditional
Quarterly, May 1993. p. 4.
"Around the Year on the Nature Trail." Bare
and Free, vol. 5, no. 3 (June 1993). Reprinted
"1,603 Years Later: Restoring the Tradition." Naturally, Summer,
1996. p. 14.
"Tallahassee Bare-Devils Host Nude Olympics." The Bulletin, June
1996. p. 20.
"A Naturist Olympics." Nude
& Natural 16.1 (Aug. 1996). p. 6.
"Tallahassee's Bare-Devils Celebrate Ten Years." The Bulletin, Nov.
1996. p. 27
"Tallahassee's Bare-Devils: Ten Years of Experience." Nude & Natural,
May 1997. pp. 88-92.
"Athletes Shine in Greek Games." The Bulletin, May
"Florida Club Sponsors College Greek Athletic Meet." The Bulletin, June
1998. p. 21.
"Greek Olympics: Local Athletes Support the Games." The Bulletin, June
2001. p. 19.
"Why I Became a Naturist." Bare
and Free, vol.
15, no. 4 (June 2003).
The Orfalinda Trilogy
and Other Early Writings.
"9th Annual College Greek Athletic Meet." Naturally, no. 50
(Spring 2004). p. 60.
"Victory Wreath Goes to Five-Time Winner." The Bulletin, May,
"Trouble at Florida State University."
Researchers SIG Newsletter, no. 18 (Feb. 2006).
"Youth Greek Olympics." The
Bulletin. March 2006. p. 26.
"Tallahassee Naturally Celebrates 20-Year Anniversary." The Bulletin, Jan.
2007. p. 22.
"From Tallahassee Bare-Devils to Tallahassee
Naturally: Twenty Years of a Naturist Club." Nude & Natural
26.4 (June 2007). pp. 57-59.
"Tallahassee Naturally Comes of Age." Nude & Natural
27.1 (Sept. 2007). pp. 75-79.
"Sinkhole Status Report."
“Call for College Athletes.” The Bulletin.
March 2008. p. 15.
“Naturally FSU Recognized by College.” The Bulletin, March 2010. p.
1 & 12.
“Florida State University Has Recognized Naturally FSU as an
Official Student Nudist Organization.” Naturally, Spring 2010. p. 56.
Letter to the Editor. Nude
& Natural 29.3 (Spring 2010). pp. 7-8.
[Naturally FSU and Greek Athletics]
Naturally FSU brochure, 2011.
"Tallahassee Naturally: A Quarter Century of Leadership." The Bulletin, Sept. 2011. p.
"College Greek Athletic Meet Paired with 5K Run." The Bulletin, March 2012. p.
"Groups and Resorts." [Letter to the editor] Nude & Natural 31.3 (Spring
2012). p. 11.
"Tallahassee Naturally Endures for 25 Years." Nude & Natural 31.3 (Spring
2012). pp. 35-36.
"The Nude Athletic Tradition Continues." The Bulletin, July 2012. p.
"College Greek Athletic Event." The
Bulletin, March 2013. p. 17.
"Camping Possibilities for Florida Youth" The Bulletin, Dec.
1991. p. 14.
Family Information booklet, 1993 (never
implemented). Reprinted in Professors
Proficiency Requirements booklet, 1993 (never
implemented). Reprinted in Professors
"Local Kids' Camp Builds Enthusiasm." The Bulletin, Oct.
"Naturist Youth Opportunities in Florida."
"Naturist Youth Camps in America: A History." Naturally, no. 23
(Spring 1997). pp. 10-13.
"Announcing Camp Tallasun This Summer." Nude & Natural
16.4 (Summer 1997). p. 93.
"How to Plan a Naturist Youth Camp." Report
mailed to all AANR regional youth chairmen, 1998. Reprinted
Researchers SIG Newsletter #9.
"Some Perspective on Naturist Youth Camps." Beach Buzz,
September 2003. p. 18.
Researchers SIG Newsletter #9: Youth
Camp Special Edition, August 2003. [This and Professors and
Researchers SIG Newsletter #12: Youth Camp Supplement, May
bound together and published as The
2003 AANR Youth Camp
Controversy. Tallahassee: Professors &
and Researchers SIG Newsletter #28: Youth Camp
Concluding Supplement, February 2008, completed the set of documents.]
“Pink Pajamas.” The
Trilogy and Other Early Writings. Baltimore:
Many Pen Names of Enrico
Cinder and Paul LeValley
This report results from joint detective
work a few
years ago by Cec Cinder and me. Cec did 95% of the work, and
contributed about 5%. (I like those proportions.) Some
years later, I found several more articles at the ANRL.
When I began researching the
Gymnosophists, or naked
philosophers of ancient India, I went to the American Nudist Research
Library to see what naturist authors may have already written about
holy nudity in India. Not much. But I did keep
across one author's name: Henry DeHoratev. He wrote about the
Jains and other Indian groups, the Greek Olympics, early Christian
heresies, and the Adamites of the early Renaissance. Then I
upon a short dissertation about the Adamites by an Episcopal priest
named Enrico S. Molnar. The resemblance could not be
denied. Either the good father was a blatant plagiarist, or
and DeHoratev were the same person.
I wrote to Cec about my
discovery. He had not
heard of Molnar, but had just about concluded that DeHoratev and three
other writers were the same person. Now that I have read the
other articles, I have to agree. Back in the 1960s, it was
uncommon for nudist writers (especially nudist ministers) to use pen
names. But four or five of them? We still don't
Molnar was his real name, but it stands a better chance than any of the
others, because it appeared in a church college context rather than a
This amazing man was almost the lone
historical scholarship in the first half-century of American nudist
publications. How has his work stood up? His
ancient India and Greece have been surpassed only in recent
years. Cec and I both suspect that he got a little carried
on early Christian heretics; he detected nudity in places where we can
find no clear proof. But with his knowledge of Slavic
his research on the Adamites remains the best available anywhere.
Cec compiled this bibliography of
under his many pen names. It is organized first by pen name,
by publication name, then by date.
Reverend Doctor Enrico S. Molnar
ENRICO S. MOLNAR
The Adamites of Bohemia: A Movement of Naturist
Dissent within the Matrix of Christian History and Theology.
Episcopal School of Theology, Claremont, California, 1971.
DR. HENRY DeHORATEV
"Among Nudist Monks in Greece," Eden,
no. 5 (1961), pp. 22-23.
"Philosophers' Four Faces of Nudity," Eden,
no. 7 (1961),
pp. 39-4 1.
"Nudism and the Public Consensus," Eden,
no. 9 (1962), pp. 26-30. Reprinted in Paradise
Quarterly, no. 7 (1964), pp. 26-30.
"Nudity in Sacred Christian Art," Eden,
no. 12 (1962), pp. 26-30.
"Lady Godiva's Ride into Fame," Eden,
no. 18 (1964), pp. 14-15.
"Early Christian Nudists,"Nude
Living, no. 1
(1961), pp. 38-39. Concluded in Nude
Living, no. 2
"The Sky-clad Nudists of India," Nude
Living, no. 3 (1961), pp. 28-30. Reprinted without
pictures in Nudist Magazine Digest,
1.3 (Summer 1965). p. 17.
"The Greeks Had a Word for It--Gymnos, Naked," Nude Living, no. 4
(1961), pp. 20-21.
“The Nude Christ of Ravenna.” Nude Living, no. 5 (1961).
pp. 94-95. Reprinted in Nudist
Magazine Digest, 1.2 (May 1965). pp. 94-95.
"Krishna--The Nude God of Hinduism," Nude
Living, no. 6
(1962), p. 18.
“The Nudist Pharaoh.” Nude Living no. 9 (1962). pp.
18-21, 42. Reprinted in Nudist
Magazine Digest, 1.3 (Summer 1965). pp. 50-54.
"The Nude Days of Pompeii," Nude
Living, no. 15 (1963), pp. 10-13. Reprinted in Nudist Magazine Digest, 1.2 (May
1965). pp. 4-5.
"No Baggage Allowed ... Not Even Clothing" [book
review on Lucian], Paradise
Quarterly, no. 2 (1963), pp. 46-48.
REV. HARRY DRETHEUS
"How I Became a Nudist," Eden,
no. 10 (1962), pp. 22-23.
"Michelangelo's Nudist Masterpiece," Eden,
(1962), pp. 50-5 1.
"Fontana Furor and Fiasco," Eden,
no. 12 (1962), pp. 52-56.
"Nudity and the Doctrine of Original Sin," Eden, no. 22
(1965), pp. 27-29.
"Gilbert and Sullivan: In Praise of Nudity," Eden, no. 24
(1965), pp. 22-25.
"Personal Letter," Eden,
no. 24 (1965), p. 9.
"Seeing the Unseen," Eden,
no. 26 (1967), pp. 7-8.
"Letter to Editor [book review]," Eden,
no. 26 (1967), p. 54.
"Two Echoes from Antiquity," Paradise
Quarterly, no. 2 (1963), p. 54.
"Nudist Texts," Paradise
Quarterly, no. 3 (1963), pp. 52-53.
"Religious Perspectives," Paradise
Quarterly, no. 4 (1963), pp. 24-26.
"St. Clement's Philosophy of Naturalism [with bibl.]," Paradise Quarterly,
no. 5 (1964), p. 36.
“Medieval Single Nudes in Anecdotes.” Paradise Quarterly, no. 12 (Spring
1965). pp. 20-21.
"Five Possible Ethical Approaches to Nudism." [book review] Sun and Health, International
Edition [Denmark], 317 (Dec. 1966). pp. 6-11.
"The Philosophy of Clotheslessness of Thomas Carlyle." Sun and Health, International
Edition [Denmark], 318 (Jan. 1967). pp. 6-11.
"Medieval French 'Naturists.'" Sun
and Health, International Edition [Denmark], 319 (Feb.
1967). pp. 43-47.
DR. HENRY LATOUR
Sunbather, vol. 19, no. 1 (Jan. 1967), p. 38.
"Massacre of Nudists at Carcassonne," Eden,
(1964), pp. 48-49.
"Bookplates and Nudity" Eden,
no. 21 (1965), pp. 32-33.
"The Brethren of the Free Spirit" Eden,
no. 22 (1965), pp. 36-39.
"Nudism--Its Myths and Bare Facts," Eden,
(1965), pp. 28-29.
"Among the Nudists of Southern France," Nude Living, no. 6
(1962), pp. 34-38.
"American and European Nudism: Similarities and Differences," Nude Living, no. 8
(1962), pp. 20-22.
"Masaryk: A President with Nudist Sympathies," Nude Living, no. 13
(1962), pp. 30-3 1.
"Paul Gauguin: The Artist in Search of Paradise," Nude Living, no. 19
(1963), pp. 28-3 1.
"The First Heretic Martyred--Was a Nudist" [Priscillian], Paradise Quarterly,
no. 3 (1963), pp. 56-57.
"Two Stimulating Books on Nonconformity and Nudism"
[Young/Cohn reviewed], Paradise
Quarterly, no. 8 (1964), pp. 52-53.
"The Nude Nicolaitans," Paradise
Quarterly, no. 9 (1965), pp. 32-33.
"Worlds Apart--Yet Nude: The Ajivikas of India," Paradise Quarterly,
no. 10 (1965), pp. 36-37.
“Simon Rodriguez: Latin American Patriot and Nudist.”
Paradise Quarterly, no. 12
(Spring 1965). pp. 46-47.
"Pop Art--Take it Away," Paradise
Quarterly, no. 14 (1966), pp. 44-45.
DR. HENRY SELLEY or SHELLEY
“A Quick Survey of Ceremonial Nudity Throughout the
World.” Arcadia, 1. (1964). p. 30.
"Is Nudism Sinful?" Eden,
no. 7 (1961), pp. 16-19.
"Of Book Burning and Mail Censoring," Eden,
no. 8 (1961),
"The Inquisition of Literature, Nude
Living, no. 15 (1963), pp. 26-28.
“The Nude: A Study in Ideal form by an ideal Scholar. Nudist Encore 1.6. pp. 7-13.
"Robert Graves and Nudism," Paradise
Quarterly, no. 4 (1963), p. 37.
"The Turlupins of France," Paradise
Quarterly, no. 6 (1964), p. 37.
"Evidences of Early Christian and Medieval Nudism," Paradise Quarterly,
no. 7 (1964), pp. 32-33.
“Saint Francis Began His Career as a Nudist.” Utopia 1 (1964). pp. 24-25.
More Information on Enrico S. Molnar, 1913-1999
From about 1958 to about 1972, Enrico S. Molnar
served as dean of Bloy Episcopal Seminary in Claremont,
California. He had already published three books on the
Reformation in Bohemia. From 1961 through 1967, he wrote dozens
of articles in nudist magazines--all dealing with historical nudity,
from the Greeks, to the Jains of India, to early Gnostics, to the
Adamites. But, like several other nudist writers of the time, he
wrote under four pen names: Dr. Henry DeHoratev, Rev. Harry Dretheus,
Dr. Henry LaTour, and Dr. Henry Selley (or Shelley). Never before
had serious historical research appeared in American nudist
magazines. Then in 1971, he wrote his dissertation on the
Adamites of Bohemia--a study that remains unsurpassed forty years later.
That was the last nudists ever heard of him.
Had he died? No one knew. Now a magazine article from an
unknown source and unknown date has appeared on the Internet. The
title: "A New Order of Agapé According to St. Michael."
The author: Enrico S. Molnar. He explained that late in 1971, he
underwent a visionary experience that prompted him to give up his
position, and create a new religious order for men and women, called
the Order of Agapé and Reconciliation. (Agapé is
the Greek word for spiritual love.) Internet searches do not make
clear whether the order still exists. At the time of his article,
it was headquartered in the privately owned ghost town of Dunmovin,
CA. But the place did not live up to its name, and he later
relocated the group to New Mexico. There seem to have been local
He began the article with some of his personal
I am a priest of the Episcopal Church.
The last 14 years I was warden (which is an old Anglican name for the
office of dean) of the Bloy Episcopal School of Theology in Claremont,
Calif. In addition to administrative duties I taught liturgies,
comparative religions, ecumenical theology and as a visiting professor
at the Claremont School of Theology, the Reformation in Slavic
Countries. In addition, I served my bishop as canon theologian in
the diocese of Los Angeles. On the national level I served the
Episcopal Church as a member of the Joint Commission on Ecumenical
Relations for six years, meeting with Orthodox and Roman Catholic
theologians. In January 1972, I was elected vice president of the
Council of Churches in Southern California.
Lest anyone think that I am saying all this to boast
let me hasten to add that the above paragraph is simply to provide a
frame of reference, to indicate that I have been an ordinary clergyman,
fairly successful and that with this kind of background, like most
seminary professors, I was somewhat critical of charismatic phenomena
and paranormal manifestations. I thoroughly enjoyed my work,
wrote articles for theological journals, attended conferences in
Oxford, Lisbon, Washington and so on. In the 1950s I contributed
an essay to the late Bishop James Pike's symposium, Modern Canterbury
Pilgrims. That was before Bishop Pike's interest in
Now all this pursuit of a normal ecclesiastical
career with tenure, seniority and fringe benefits has come to a sudden
end. During the last days of September 1971, I had a series of
three visions. As a result I resigned as warden of the school,
gave up a good salary and although the trustees tried to persuade me to
stay on, I have ventured into an entirely new kind of life. If
anyone had suggested to me, before that fatal September, that I do what
I now am engaged in doing I would have told him, politely but firmly,
to go jump in the lake.
Bibliography: Dan Oakley
This is a pen name. For the author's true identity, click here.
Naked Notes series
“A Nudist Among the Briars.” The Nudist, 1936.10. p. 12.
“Snakes and Ice-Worms.” The Nudist, 1937.2. pp. 19-20.
“With Our Amateur Nudists.” The Nudist, 1937.5. pp. 24-25.
(no subtitle) The Nudist,
1939.10. pp. 19-20.
“Clowns in a Pleasure Parade.” The Nudist, 1940.2. pp. 22-23.
“Nimble Neophytes.” The
Nudist, 1940.4. pp. 19-20.
“Fans and Fans.” The
Nudist, 1940.5. pp. 23-24.
“Bath Robe Blues.” The
Nudist, 1940.10. p. 22.
“My Crack at Pseudo-Nudists.” The Nudist, 1940.12. p. 22.
“Echoes of a Spanking.” Sunshine & Health,
1941.8. p. 21.
“Odds and Ends.” Sunshine
& Health, 1942.5. p. 19, 32.
“Satan and Sartorial Sadists.” Sunshine & Health,
1943.9. p. 23.
“Defense Nudists.” Sunshine
& Health, 1944.2. pp. 24, 30.
"Longing." The Nudist,
1936.6. p. 10.
“Confessions of the Old Swimmin’ Hole.” Sunshine & Health,
1942.8. pp. 13-14.
“Art for Nudists & Nudism for Art.” Sunshine & Health,
1948.5. p. 14.
“Nudists With Built-In Pockets.” Sunshine & Health,
1949.2. p. 22.
“The Tell-Tale Marks of a Bathing Suit.” Sunshine & Health,
1949.4. pp. 7-8, 32.
“New Springs for Your Step.” Sunshine & Health,
1950.2. p 21.
“So You Don’t Like Nudism.” Sunshine & Health,
1950.4. p. 7.
“A Summary of Art and Fun at Sunshine Park.” Sunshine & Health, pp. 16-17.
“The Sun Tells Time.” Sunshine & Health,
1952.2. pp. 5, 25
“Friend of a Phobia.” Sunshine & Health,
1952.5. pp. 11, 19.
Hopper, Claude (ghosted by Dan Oakley). “I Am a
& Health, 1952.9. p 4, 23.
Hopper, Claude (ghosted by Dan Oakley). “The Skinflinch and
& Health, 1952.12. p. 2.
“The Wedding Dance.” Sunshine & Health,
1953.6. p. 9.
“Tales of Tails.” Sunshine
& Health, 1958.1. p. 28.
“A Sculp-A-Day.” Sunshine
& Health, 1958.6. p. 11.
Bibliography: Theodore Orchards [Stuart Palmer]
In 1957, in Roth v. United States, the U.S. Supreme
Court ruled that even pornography came under first amendment
protection—if the publication also contained material "of
redeeming social importance." To avoid trouble with the post
office, about half of the many editors of American nudist magazines in
the 1960s made sure they included one scholarly article in each
issue. Nude art was the favorite topic. And no late-sixties
writer was more prolific on that subject than Theodore Orchards.
Actually, he was a famous mystery novelist and short
story writer named Stuart Palmer. Many of his novels became
movies featuring amateur detective Hildegarde Withers. Theodore
Orchards and Jay Stewart were pen names he used at various times in his
career. Once, his persona Jay Stewart rewrote an article
originally published under the name of Theodore Orchards. He
wrote right up until his sudden death in 1968.
General Art History
Orchards, Theodore. "Art is a Way of
Seeing." Jaybird Color
Spectacular, no. 3 (Oct.-Dec. 1966). pp. 20-26+.
Orchards, Theodore. "The Bathing Beauty in Art
& Life." Sun Era
2.10 (Summer 1966). pp. 44-46.
Orchards, Theodore. "The Beautiful or the
Damned." [paintings] Sun Era
2.9 (Spring 1966). pp. 1-15.
Orchards, Theodore. "Evil Is In the Eye of the
Beholder." Flesh Tones,
1.2 (Winter 1965-66). pp. 6-11.
Orchards, Theodore. "Erotica: Notable or
Noxious?" [art] Sun Era
2.11 (Fall 1966). pp. 10-15.
Orchards, Theodore. "Nudes: A Study in
Contrasts." Nude Image
2.4/8 (Dec. 1965-Feb. 1966). pp. 42-49.
Orchards, Theodore. "The Offbeat Nudes of
Mannerism." [many periods] Flesh Tones, 1.3 (Spring
1966). pp. 6-13.
Orchards, Theodore. "Rainbows on their
Palettes. Jaybird Color
Spectacular, no. 4. pp. 12-16.
Orchards, Theodore. "The Three Graces." Nude Image 2.6/10 (July-Sept.
1966). pp. 14-19.
Orchards, Theodore. "The Virile Nude." Nude Image 2.5/9 (Apr.-June
1966). pp. 12-18+.
Orchards, Theodore. "Those Famous Painted
Women." Jaybird Color
Spectacular 1.2/2 (July-Sept. 1966). pp. 12-15.
Orchards, Theodore. "Wilenski on the Nude in
Art." Film & Figure
7 (Spring 1967). pp. 72-79.
Stewart, Jay. "Pastel Nudes of Pompeii."
International Jaybird 1.2/2
(Summer 1966). pp. 9-12. Reprinted with different pictures
as "Pompeii: Haven for Ancient Hedonists." Woman in Art, 2.1 (Jan.-Mar.
1974). pp. 10-17.
Orchards, Theodore. "Durer and the
‘Forbidden Art.'" Film
& Figure 9 (Autumn 1967). pp. 12-15.
Orchards, Theodore. "The Masterful Nudes of
Michelangelo. Classic Line
& Form 1.2 (Winter 1967). pp. 36-43.
Orchards, Theodore. "Nudes in the
Vatican." Sun Era 2.4
(Mar. 1965). pp. 10-15. Reprinted in Nudist Magazine Digest, 1.4
(Oct.-Dec. 1965). pp. 4-9.
Orchards, Theodore. "Rebellion of the Maniera
[Mannerists]." Film &
Figure 11 (Apr.-June 1968). pp. 66-69.
Orchards, Theodore. "The Ten Greatest Nudes in
Art." Continental Nudist
3.3/11 (Spring 1966). pp. 58-63.
Orchards, Theodore. "The Earthy Nudes of
Rembrandt." Flesh Tones,
1.4 (Summer 1966). pp. 36-41.
Orchards, Theodore. "Goya, Velasquez, El Greco
and the nude." Sun Era
3.2 (Summer 1967). pp. 38-43.
Orchards, Theodore. "Action Nudes of a German
Painter" [Stuck] Nude Image
2.7/11 (Oct.-Dec. 1966). pp. 13-19.
Orchards, Theodore. "Demi-Nudes and
Demimondaines." [Toulouse-Lautrec] Continental Nudist 3.2/10 (Winter
1965-66). pp. 14-17.
Orchards, Theodore. "The Figure Painter
England Forgot" [William Etty]. Classic
Line & Form 1.1 (Fall 1966). pp. 10-19.
Orchards, Theodore. "Matisse and the Sensual
Figure." Continental Nudist
4.2/14 (Winter 1967) pp. 70-75.
Orchards, Theodore. "Private Life of a
Sculptor" [Rodin]. Urban Nudist
3.1/19 (Aug. 1965). pp. 22-27.
Orchards, Theodore. "Renoir's Favorite:
Gabrielle." Flesh Tones,
1.1 (Fall 1965). pp. 24-29. Reprinted in Nudist Magazine
Digest, 1.5 (Jan.-Mar. 1966). pp. 63-69.
Orchards, Theodore. "The ‘Sacred'
Victorians" [Dore]. Classic
Line & Form 2.1 (Fall 1967). pp. 42-49.
Orchards, Theodore. "Seurat and His Dappled
Nudes." Nude Image
2.8/12 (Jan.-Mar. 1967). pp. 32-37.
Orchards, Theodore. "The ‘Sun Flower'
Nudes of Anders Zorn." Continental
Nudist 4.4/16 (Summer 1967). pp. 70-74.
Orchards, Theodore. "The Symbolic Nudes of
Paul Cezanne." Nude Image 3.2/14
(July-Sept. 1967). pp. 22-25.
Orchards, Theodore. "Victorine--The World's
Most Hated Nude." [Manet] Continental
Nudist 3.1/9 (Fall 1965). pp. 34-38.
Stewart, Jay. Rediscovery of the Figure
Painters." [Seurat] Film &
Figure 5 (Fall 1966). pp. 26-33.
Orchards, Theodore. "Bodies by Maillol."
Sun Era 2.8 (Winter
1965). pp. 8-12, 51. Reworked as Jay Stewart.
"Maillol's Beloved Nude Model: Dina Vierny." Film & Figure 4 (Summer
1966). pp. 31-39.
Orchards, Theodore. "Chagall: Painter of
Fantasy Nudes." Flesh Tones,
2.1/5 (Fall 1966). pp. 8-13.
Orchards, Theodore. "Dali on Surrealism and
Flesh." Flesh Tones,
2.2/7 (Spring 1967). pp. 50-55.
Orchards, Theodore. "Gaite Nudes of
Paris." Nude Image
3.1/13 (Apr.-June 1967). pp. 40-45.
Orchards, Theodore. "German Expressionists and
the Female Nude." Sun Era
3.1 (Spring 1967). pp. 38-43.
Orchards, Theodore. "Love Song in Stone."
[Jose de Creeft] Film &
Figure 7 (Spring 1967). pp. 4-9.
Orchards, Theodore. "Nudes of the Witty
Savage." [Dufy] Film &
Figure 13 (Oct.-Dec. 1968). pp. 66-69.
Stewart, Jay. "Naughty Nudes of the Roaring
Twenties." Flesh Tones,
1.3 (Spring 1966). pp. 51-55.
Stewart, Jay. "Picasso's Early Nudes." Classic Line & Form 1.3 (Spring
1967). pp. 12-17
Bibliography: Anthony J. Papalas
Papalas, Ph.D. has taught ancient history at the University of East
Carolina since 1970, and written a few books. Before that, he
published half-a-dozen scholarly articles in nudist magazines.
"Caesar & the Roman Nudes." Nude
4.4/16 (Jan.-Mar. 1969). pp. 10-13.
"Naked Glories of History. Continental
5.3/19 (Apr.-June 1968). pp. 52-55.
"Naked in Antiquity." [Byzantine] Continental
Nudist 5.4/20 (July-Sept. 1968). pp. 10-13.
"Nude Bathing in Ancient Greece." Classic Line
& Form 3.1 (Oct.-Dec. 1968). pp. 6-17.
"Nudity in Ancient Greece." Sol
(Mar.-May 1968). pp. 34-44. Reprinted in Nude Living,
13.4/1 (1974). pp. 4-15.
"Phallic Worship in Ancient Greece. Ankh, 2.1
(Summer, 1968). pp. 14-20.
None of us can match the long list of
publications by Paul Rapoport. Of course, the facts that he
the Canadian national nudist magazine, and is a spokesman for the
Topfree Equal Rights Association both keep his name in print.
Publications and Lectures
6 books, over 450 reviews, and several dozen articles and lectures,
mostly about music but including:
Article on breaking a nudity taboo in art. Nude & Natural,
Review of Harmful to Minors: The Perils of
Protecting Children from Sex by Judith Levine. Nude & Natural
“Editor’s Introduction.” The
Spirit of Lady Godiva by Harvey (Chelsea MI and Ancaster
Productions, 2002), ix-xi.
“A la recherche du corps perdu.” Naturisme Quebec 2
(2002), 6-7, 28, tr. Jules Gaulin.
“Public nudity: Social art?” 90 mins., illus.
lect., McMaster University, January 15, 2002.
“The Bethell approach: Is the time for mass
nude protests upon us?” (with eight others). Nude & Natural
21.2 (Winter 2001), 71-72.
“Barebreasted women: Exposing
indecency?” 35 mins., illus. lect., Bellevue Community
Bellevue Washington, June 1, 2001. Posted at
<www.tera.ca/wash.html>, Summer 2001.
“It’s time for us to calm down about public
Spectator, May 25, 2001.
“Topfree in Canada: An interview with
TERA’s Paul Rapoport” (with Jim Meyer). Nude & Natural
20.3 (Spring 1999), 24-28.
Article about nudity in public media, Summer 2000.
“Let’s lose nudity hangups” (Winnipeg Free Press,
August 30), “Newspapers perpetuate old-fashioned myths about
News, September 6), “You can’t show
Globe and Mail, September 8), “When nudity
is sensible and healthy” (Hamilton
Spectator, September 8), and
Article about nudity in private photos, Spring 2000.
“When a picture’s worth a thousand
Spectator, May 5), “Healthy nudity should not be
May 8), “Nude children only natural”
May 10), “One photo can cause 1,000
Record, May 15), “Is all
nudity pornography?” (Ancaster
News, May 24), and elsewhere.
“‘Topfreedom’ gaining ground.” Hamilton Spectator,
March 1, 2000.
“Siting the naked body” 72 mins., illus.
lect. for the photographic exhibit Century by Frank Cordelle, McMaster
University, February 8, 2000. Posted at
<www.fcn.ca/century.html>, Spring 2000.
“Why are we obsessed with breasts?”
(review of A History of
the Breast by Marilyn Yalom and Breasts: The
women’s perspective on an American obsession by Carolyn
& Natural 19.2 (Winter 1999), 72-73.
“Ontario leads the way for Canadian naturism
in 1999.” Nude
& Natural, 18.4 (Summer 1999), 110-14.
“Photo artist Spencer Tunick launches project
in Canada. Ë la recherche du corps perdu: First Montreal, then
Natural, 16:3 (Fall 2001), 20-23.
“Supreme Court refuses to hear Godron appeal
in topfree case.” Going
Natural, 16:2 (Summer 2001), 8.
Review of Naked Boys Singing! (musical revue). Going Natural, 16:1
(Spring 2001), 28.
“Testing the limits around Club O.”
16:1 (Spring 2001), 24-25. Reprinted in
Efficiency, June 2001, 29-31.
“The Nudist Store takes it (all) off.” Going Natural, 16:1
(Spring 2001), 12-13.
Reviews of Nordic Nudes 2001 Calendar, Saltspring
Women Preserve & Protect Calendar 2001, Hamilton’s
2001 (calendar), The Canadian
Guide to Naturism (4th edition). Going
Natural, 15:4 (Winter 2000-01), 28-29.
[Untitled article about nudity in art.] Going Natural, 15:4
(Winter 2000-01), 27.
“January in August.” Going
(Winter 2000-01), 21.
“Be ashamed, be very ashamed! Naked Eve: Going
snake in Alberta and Southern Ontario.” Going Natural, 15:4
(Winter 2000-01), 8.
“Volleyballooza: Two weekends of midsummer
games in Southern Ontario.” Going
(Fall 2000), 15.
Reviews of Nude Not
(videotape) by Thomas Lundy,
Celebrate the Freedom
(videotape) by Michael J. Cooney, North
Guide to Nude Recreation (20th edition), Hot Springs and Hot Pools of
the Northwest and Hot Springs and Hot Pools of the Southwest
Loam and Marjorie Gersh-Young. Going
Natural, 15:2 (Summer 2000), 20-21.
“Cover your backside for that neighbourhood
watch. Outdoor nudity: How legal is it?” (with Peter Simm). Going
Natural, 15:2 (Summer 2000), 14-15.
“When a picture is worth a thousand worries.” Going Natural, 15:2
(Summer 2000), 11.
“Century visits Hamilton and astounds nearly 700.” Going Natural, 15:1
(Spring 2000), 18-19.
“Frank Cordelle’s Century: A
photographer and project with a difference.” Going Natural, 14:4
(Winter 1999-2000), 20-21.
“Aquarius Nature Retreat: Playing hard to get
to in the US southwest.” Going
Natural, 14:4 (Winter 1999-2000),
“Premier of Nude Brunswick announces
post-secondary degree in naturology.” Going Natural, 14:3
Review of The
(videotape) by Bill Viola. Going
Natural, 14:2 (Summer 1999), 19.
“Toronto joins the 20th century.
Hanlan’s Beach is renude: Major gain for Canadian
(with Peter Simm). Going
Natural, 14:2 (Summer 1999), 16-17. Reprinted
as “Hanlan’s Point clothing-optional beach:
legal again!” in
Nude & Natural, 18.4 (Summer 1999), 106-10.
“The revolution has begun! New site promotes
wholesome view of women.” Going
11-13. Reprinted as “Body acceptance on the web.” Nude
& Natural, 19.2 (Winter 1999), 54-55.
The second annual Wreck Beach bare buns fun run/walk
(with David Basford). Going
Natural, 13:3 (Fall 1998), 16.
“Party time is any time at Club Paradise.” Going Natural, 13:3
(Fall 1998), 13-14.
“Cypress Cove: A Florida favourite in any season.” Going Natural, 13:3
(Fall 1998), 10-11.
“Travelling south: A guide to warm holidays
for cool naturists.” Going
Natural, 13:3 (Fall 1998), 7-8.
“Pubic in public” (editorial). Going Natural, 13:2
(Summer 1998), 24.
“Bare but not barren in the California desert.” Going Natural, 13:1
(Spring 1998), 14-15.
Reviews of Lee
Guide to Nude
Beaches and Resorts (updated), North American Guide to Nude
(19th edition), Vacation
Naturally (videotape) by Michael J. Cooney.
13:1 (Spring 1998), 17.
“Topfree Rights and the Law.” Going Natural, 12:3
(Fall 1997), 10.
“Topfree equality: The case of Fatima Pereira
Natural, 12:2 (Summer 1997), 4-5.
Other Recent Activities
Course (seminar), “Body, Sex, and Gender in
20th-Century Operas,” McMaster University, 1999-2000 and
Advisor to several upper level undergraduate art
students, including one doing body painting and projections, 2001-02.
Editor and Producer, The
Spirit of Lady Godiva (book
by Harvey). Chelsea MI: Anecdote Productions. xvi, 264 (pp.), 2002.
Operator of and major contributor to the website
www.tera.ca, an information site for the Topfree Equal Rights
Association, with news, articles, legal opinions, editorials, and
photos about bare breasts in public (since 1997).
Bibliography: Robert Reitman
For two years,
from 1967 to 1969, many articles on the nude in art history appeared
under the name of Robert Reitman. Nobody seems to know who he
was, or if this was his real name.
"Art & the Realistic Nudes." [Renaissance] Nude Image 4.4/20 (Jan.-Mar.
1969). pp. 38-41.
"The Male Nude in Art, Part I." Salute,
1 (Fall 1967). pp. 52-55. [No part II found.]
"Nude Art: Erotic or Ideal?" Sun
Era 3.3 (Fall 1967). pp. 36-47.
"Panorama of the Nude in Painting (Part I)." Film & Figure 9 (Autumn
1967). pp. 34-39.
"Panorama of the Nude in Painting (Part II)." Film & Figure 10 (Jan.-Mar.
1968). pp. 34-39.
"Panorama of the Nude in Painting (Part III)." Film & Figure 11 (Apr.-June
1968). pp. 34-39.
"Panorama of the Nude in Painting (Part IV)." Film & Figure 12 (July-Sept.
1968). pp. 66-69.
"Pollaiuolo and the ‘Anatomical Nude.'" Film & Figure 8 (Summer
1967). pp. 4-9.
"The Shakespeare of Nude Painting." [Tintoretto] Teenage Jaybird 1.2/2 (July-Sept.
1969). pp. 50-52+.
"Valadon: Artist and Model." Flesh
Tones, 2.4/8 (Summer 1967). pp. 10-15.
Joseph Charles Salak
Here we have an author of slightly shifting
name. As early as 1949, he wrote one article on nude art.
In 1952, he published a small book on Lady Godiva Then, after a
long silence, he wrote in an amazing variety of nudist magazines for a
few years in the mid-1960s. Non-nudists still quote him on his
definition of education: that which enables you to describe a pretty
girl without using your hands.
Salak, Joseph Charles. "Nudity in Art and Literature." International Sun and Health, 13.5
(May 1949) [Denmark]. p. 17.
Salak, Joseph C. "Wide-Open Welcome Awaits Nudists in Alaska."
Modern Sunbathing 10,
pp. 32, 39.
Salak, Joseph C. "Naked Witches and Nude Sunbathers." Nude Image, 1.4 (1964). pp.
Salak, Joseph. "Ancient and Modern Olympics." Nudism, 39 (Summer 1964). pp.
Salak, Joseph C. "Graciously Naked." [Baroque] Urban Nudist, 2.2/14 (Oct.
1964). pp. 24-25, 51.
Salak, Joseph C. "Nudism in Art." Paradise 12 (Spring 1965).
Salak, Joseph. "The Pioneers of Nakedness." Sun Era 2.5/17 (May 1965).
“Janet Lembke, Skinny Dipping
and Other Immersions in Water, Myth, and Being Human”
(book), Nude & Natural
21.1 (2001): 99.
“Marjorie Gersh-Young, Hot
Springs & Hot Pools of the Northwest and Hot Springs and Hot Pools
of the Southwest” (books), Nude & Natural 21.2 (2001):
“Karen Gorham and Dave Leal,
Naturism and Christianity: Are They Compatible? and Paul Bowman, Nakedness and the Bible”
(books), Nude & Natural
21.2 (2001): 94-95.
“Charles MacFarland, Life in
Eden and Freedom Weekends”
(videos), Nude & Natural
21.2 (2001): 98-99.
“Jim and Linda Cunningham, Our
Wonderful Bodies; Susan L. Stanton, Being Naked: Attitudes Toward Nudity
Through the Ages; Chris Santilli, The Naked Truth About Hedonism II;
and Michael Boyde, Naked Places: A
Guide for Gay Men to Nude Recreation and Travel” (books), Nude & Natural 21.3 (2002):
“Jeff Gruen, A Bare
Necessities Nude Cruise and A
Bare Necessities Mediterranean Nude Cruise” (videos), Nude & Natural 21.4 (2002):
“Corky Stanton, Nudes in the
News, Vol. I,” “Jeff Gruen, Nude in French Polynesia,”
“Charlie Simonds, Euronat—Euronatural—Euronaturally,”
and “Naked in Public, Parts
I-III” (videos), Nude
& Natural 23.3 (2004): 99-101.
“Morris Gleitzman and Paul Jennings, Deadly!” (book), Nude & Natural 23.4 (2004):
“Peter Dietrich, Bare and
Beautiful in Bulgaria” and “Back to Bare Bulgaria”
(videos), Nude & Natural
“Doris Wishman, Diary of a
Naked Venus,” “The
Beast That Killed Women,” and “The Monster of Camp Sunshine”
(videos), Nude & Natural
23.4 (2004): 91-92.
“Peter Dietrich, Variations on
a Crimean Theme: Return to Fox Bay and The Gods Must Be Naked! Koktebel Naturist
Sea Festival” (videos),
Nude & Natural 25.1 (2005): 81-82.
“Richard West, Nude in Brazil,
Nude in the North of Brazil, Nude in the South of Brazil, Party at Rama
Nat, and Tarzan of the Nudists”
(videos), Nude & Natural
25.2 (2005): 97-98.
“Marshall B. Allen, The Naked
Bus Driver” (book), Nude
& Natural 25.2 (2005): 99.
“Richard Ungewitter, Nakedness
in an Historical and Artistic Light” (book), Nude & Natural 25.2 (2005):
“Byron and Kay McAllister, Undercover
Nudist; Louise Lang, Nudists
Die Too; Joseph D. and Nancy E. Oliver, Execute Judgement; A. W. Parker, The Reluctant Nudist”
(books), Nude & Natural
25.3 (2005): 97-99.
“Dave Jenson and Marty Michaels, Get Naked!” (book), Nude & Natural 25.4 (2006): 82.
“Corky Stanton, Nudes in the
News, Volume Six” (video), Nude & Natural 25.4 (2006): 83.
“J. J. Henderson, Murder on
Naked Beach; Melissa de la Cruz, The Au Pairs Skinny-Dipping”
(books), Nude & Natural
26.1 (2006): 81.
“Carl J. Welland, Some Call Me
Oji (Others Call Me Crazy)” (book), Nude & Natural 26.1 (2006): 82.
“T. L. Young, Naked in the
21st Century” (video), Nude
& Natural 26.1 (2006): 83.
“Gary Popkin, Hardfire Exposes
the Truth about Nudism” (video), Nude & Natural 26.2 (2006): 101.
“Philip Carr-Gomm, A Brief
History of Nakedness” (book), Nude & Natural 30.1 (2010):
Marilyn D. Story
As a professor of
Home Economics at the University of Northern Iowa, Dr. Story conducted
some of the most academically sound research on naturism--especially
its fine effects on children. An automobile accident cut short
her scholarly career.
“Factors Associated with More Positive Body Self-Concepts in
Journal of Social Psychology 108.1 (June 1979): 49-56.
“Comparisons of Body Self-concept Between Social Nudists and
Nonnudists.” Journal of
Psychology 118.1 (September 1984): 99-112.
“Comparison Studies of Social Nudists and Non-nudists: Body
Self-Concepts and Sexual Behaviors.” Clothed With the Sun 6.4 (Winter
“A Comparison of Social Nudists and Non-nudists on Experience
with Various Sexual Outlets.” Journal of Sex Research 23.2 (May
“Personal and Professional Perspectives on Social
Nudism—Should You Be Personally Involved in Your
Research?” Journal of
Sex Research 30.2 (May 1993): 111-114.
by Paul LeValley
Naked in Nature:
Great Skinny-Dipping Moments in Art and Literature. ed.
Robert Ellis Smith. 2006. 75 pages. $9.95 electronic
download or compact disc; $32.50 color printout.
Naked in Nature belongs on the bookshelf of every
reading and thinking naturist. Robert Ellis Smith has saved us
all a lot of time by compiling skinny-dipping scenes from a lifetime of
broad reading. Though some of the short quotes from classic
literature had already been compiled by Charles Daney on the Internet
(a fact not mentioned), Smith has added many longer passages from
modern novels, a few naturist writers, and popular songs that I never
There is a hilarious scene when the minister gets
caught skinny-dipping in E. M. Forster's 1923 A Room With a View. Also
pithy comments of Mark Twain. And a manic nude attack on tourists
by Harpo Marx. Plus lots of passages from John Fowles' novels.
The artworks paired with the literary selections
greatly enhance the experience. But here is where the defect of
the electronic presentation begins to show. A few of the links
don't seem to work. Others lead to such ephemeral sites as
e-bay. By not incorporating the images into the manuscript, the
author has put himself at the mercy of a lot of webmasters over whom he
has no control. This thing could go outdated fast. Better
order the expensive printout, even though it includes only part of the
pictures. The spiral-bound laminated cardstock covers make a
This fine collection deserves a more permanent